Dinamika psikologis penderita obsessive compulsif disorder (OCD)

Azizah, Nur (2014) Dinamika psikologis penderita obsessive compulsif disorder (OCD). Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Pada masa paruh baya, individu berada dalam kondisi yang paling sehat, paling tenang, paling bisa mengontrol diri, paling bertanggung jawab dan memiliki emosi yang cukup stabil dan matang (Levinson & Peskin, 1981 dalam Santrock, 2002). Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah seorang wanita yang berumur 52 tahun. Di masa paruh bayanya itu, subjek baru memunculkan perilaku obsesif kompulsif wudlu dan istinja. Padahal epidemiologi telah mendokumentasikan bahwa wanita biasanya mengembangkan OCD antara usia 20 sampai 29 tahun (American Psychiatric Association, 2000 dalam Halgin, 2010). Hal ini tidak mungkin terjadi secara tiba-tiba, pasti terdapat serangkaian peristiwa dari perjalanan kehidupan subjek yang mempengaruhi perilaku uniknya hari ini.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dinamika psikologis penderita OCD. Termasuk di dalamnya strategi coping yang dilakukan oleh subjek. Peneliti menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif studi kasus life history, untuk mengungkap secara lengkap biografi subjek dengan tahapan dan proses kehidupannya. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi.

Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa gangguan obsesif kompulsif wudlu dan istinja subjek dipengaruhi oleh serangkaian faktor yang telah tumbuh sejak masa anak-anak subjek. Di antaranya yaitu faktor genetik dari ayahnya, faktor kepribadian obsessional pramorbid yang dimiliki subjek, faktor belajar/pembiasaan, faktor lingkungan yang tidak aman yaitu cucunya yang masih suka ngompol dan sering terjadi pencurian barang, keinginan untuk menyempurnakan ibadah, namun memiliki kesalahan perspektif tentang sesuci yang sempurna. Sehingga jika tidak melakukan basuhan berulang kali, subjek menjadi cemas. Strategi coping yang dilakukan subjek berupa information seeking, assistance seeking, direct action, avoidance, denial, self criticism, positive reappraisal, hingga pada akhirnya coping sabar dan ikhlas.

ENGLISH:

At midlife, individuals are in the most healthy condition, quietest, most able to control their self, most responsible and have stable emotionally (Levinson & Peskin, 1981 at Santrock, 2002). Subject in this study was a woman 52 years old. In her midlife, she show her obsessive compulsive disorder of wudlu and istinjaa. Though epidemiologists have documented the fact that women typically develop OCD between 20 until 29 years old (American Psychiatric Association, 2000, in Halgin, 2010). It is impossible to occur suddenly, surely there are a series of events that affect the subject's life journey unique behavior today.

This study aims to determine the psychological dynamics of OCD patient. Coping strategies include in this focus research. Researcher using qualitative research methods life history case study to reveal the complete biography of the subject with the stages and processes of life. The method of collecting data using interviews, observation and documentation.

The results of this study indicate that obsessive compulsive disorder's subject of istinjaa and wudlu affected by a series of factors that have been growing since childhood. Among these are genetic factors from her father, factor of obsessional personality's subject, learning factors/habituation, unsafe environmental factors that grandchildren who still like bedwetting and seldom theft of goods, the desire to enhance worship, but has a wrong perspective of perfect sacred. So if subject does not wash repeatedly, she becames anxious. Subject uses some coping strategies, like information seeking, assistance seeking, direct action, avoidance, denial, self-criticism, positive reappraisal, and eventually patient and sincere coping.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Habib, Zainal
Keywords: Dinamika Psikologis, Gangguan Obsesif Kompulsif, Strategi Coping; Psychological Dynamics; Obsessive Compulsive Disorder; Problem Solving
Subjects: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Departement: Fakultas Psikologi
Depositing User: Dian Anesti
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2015 07:26
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2015 07:26
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/803

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