Peran positive deviance guru dalam meningkatkan self confidence Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus (ABK)

Hardiyanto, Putut Wahyu (2012) Peran positive deviance guru dalam meningkatkan self confidence Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus (ABK). Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Pada saat ini, anak-anak berkebutuhan khusus (ABK) di sekolah inklusi sangat memerlukan rasa percaya diri. Sebaiknya guru lebih memperhatikan ABK melalui perlakuan yang sesuai agar rasa percaya diri anak meningkat. Percaya diri merupakan salah satu pangkal dari sikap dan perilaku anak, sehingga semakin tinggi rasa percaya diri anak maka semakin mudah pula anak menghadapi tantangan dalam kesehariannya terutama bagi anak berkebutuhan khusus (ABK).

Adanya labelisasi sosial yang negatif bahwa ABK merupakan anak yang ”mendho” atau ”goblok” dari masyarakat daerah Sidowayah, terkait keberadaan sekolah inklusi yang ada di SDN 04 Krebet memunculkan deskriminasi terhadap ABK di daerah tersebut. Sebagian besar ABK memang aktif tetapi tidak responsif dan produktif dalam belajar, pendiam, lamban, minder dan kurang mampu bersosialisasi.

Dengan keterbatasan yang ada di Sidowayah, munculah inisiatif untuk menggunakan suatu metode pendekatan yaitu positive deviance, yang pada dasarnya pendekatan ini bisa diterapkan untuk berbagai permasalahan, terutama yang memerlukan perubahan sosial atau perilaku.

Melalui metode action research yang didukung pengolahan data secara deskriptif disertai kuantitatif sebagai pelengkap, maka penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana peran posistive deviance guru dalam meningkatkan self confidence ABK. Subyek berjumlah 13 siswa kelas inklusi di SDN 04 Krebet, Sidowayah Ponorogo.

Penelitian dilakukan kurang lebih selama 1 bulan dan setelah diterapkan positive deviance guru sebagai proses tindakannya ternyata mampu meningkatkan indikator self confidence beserta jumlah prosentase siswa ABK yang percaya diri, dari yang awalnya hanya 23% meningkat kurang lebih hingga 46%.

Kesimpulannya bahwa penelitian ini selain mampu membuktikan kebenaran hipotesisnya, yaitu positive deviance memiliki peran dalam meningkatkan self confidence ABK, maka dapat dikatakan juga bahwa positive deviance juga bisa diterapkan pada bidang pendidikan terutama yang berkaitan dengan siswa ABK di kelas inklusi.

ENGLISH:

At this time, children with special needs in inclusive schools are in need of self- confidence. Teachers should pay more attention to children with special needs through the appropriate treatment for the child's confidence increases. Self-confidence is one of the base of the attitudes and behavior, so the higher the confidence of children so the more easily the challenges children face in their daily life especially for children with special needs (ABK).

The existence of negative social labeling that ABK is a child who "mendho" or "stupid" from the local community Sidowayah, related to the presence of inclusion in school SDN 04 Krebet led to discrimination against the crew in the area. Most of the crew was active but non- responsive and productive in the study, quiet, slow, insecure and less able to socialize.

With the limitations that exist in Sidowayah, came the initiative to use a method that is positive deviance approach, which is basically the approach can be applied to various problems, particularly those requiring social or behavioral changes.

Through action research methods are supported by descriptive data processing with complementary quantitative, this study aims to determine how the the role of teacher positive peviance to improve self- confidence For Children with Special Needs (ABK). The subjects totaled 13 grade students in SDN 04 Krebet inclusion, Sidowayah Ponorogo..

The study was conducted for about one month after the applied teacher positive deviance as the act was to increase self confidence indicator and the number of ABK percentage of students who are confident, from the beginning only increased approximately 23% to 46%.

The conclusion that the study is in addition able to prove the truth of the hypothesis, that positive deviance has a role in increasing self confidence ABK, it can be said also that the Positive Deviance can also be applied to the field of education especially with regard to inclusion of students in the class crew.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Mahpur, Mohammad
Keywords: ABK; Positive Deviance; Self Confidence
Subjects: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Departement: Fakultas Psikologi
Location: 170103
Depositing User: Ratih Novitasari
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 09:53
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2016 09:53
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/2618

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