Hubungan attachment terhadap motivasi belajar anak berkebutuhan khusus sekolah inklusif di SDN Sumbersari 1 dan 2 Kota Malang

Avissina, Rona (2015) Hubungan attachment terhadap motivasi belajar anak berkebutuhan khusus sekolah inklusif di SDN Sumbersari 1 dan 2 Kota Malang. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Motivasi belajar merupakan hal yang pokok dalam melakukan kegiatan belajar, sehingga tanpa motivasi seseorang tidak akan melakukan kegiatan pembelajaran. Jumlah ABK di Indonesia cukup tinggi, mencapai 6,6 juta orang atau tiga persen dari jumlah penduduk sekitar 220 juta jiwa. Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus juga merupakan ketidak mampuan dalam menghubungkan berbagai informasi yang berasal dari berbagai bagian otak mereka. Kelemahan ini tampak dalam beberapa hal, seperti kesulitan dalam berbicara dan menuliskan sesuatu, koordinasi, pengendalian diri atau perhatian. Attachment adalah hubungan kelekatan antara individu yang satu dengan individu yang lain yang spesifik, yang mengikat dalam rentang waktu tertentu, kelekatan yang terjadi pada anak tergantung pada respons ibu mengenai kebutuhan buah hatinya masing – masing. Berdasarkan latar belakang tersebut, peneliti ingin mengetahui lebih lanjut tingkat attachment orang tua dengan anak berkebutuhan khusus, tingkat motivasi belajar anak berkebutuhan khusus di sekolah inklusif.

Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan kuantitatif, yang terdiri dari attachment sebagai variabel bebas dan motivasi belajar sebagai variabel terikat. Jumlah populasi sebanyak 32 orang. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan: angket, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Penilaian angket dalam penelitian ini menggunakan skala likert. Jumlah sampel yaitu 32 orang ABK (anak berkebutuhan khusus) dari 2 lembaga sekolah inklusif yaitu SDN Sumbersari 1 dan 2 Malang. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan yaitu skala attachment sebanyak 16 aitem dan skala motivasi belajar sebanyak 20 aitem. Untuk menganalisis data mengguanakan teknik koefisien Korelasi Pearson Product Moment melalui program SPSS 6.0 for windows.

Hasil Penelitian menunujukan bahwa : 1. Tingkat Attachment yang terjadi antara orang tua dengan anak berkebutuhan khusus berada pada kategori sedang, yaitu sebesar 56,25%. 2. Tingkat motivasi belajar anak berkebutuhan khusus di sekolah inklusif beradapada kategori sedang yaitu 50%. 3. Terdapat hubungan positif yang signifikan antara attachment dengan motivasi belajar. Hal tersebut terlihat dari p < α, yakni 0.000 < 0.01 dan ditunjukkan oleh nilai r sebesar 0,739, artinya bahwa semakin tinggi tingkat attachment yang ada antara orang tua dan anak berkebutuhan khusus maka semakin tinggi pula tingkat motivasi belajar anak berkebutuhan khusus di sekolah inklusif. Artinya hipotesis tentang hubungan antara attachment dengan motivasi belajar anak berkebutuhan khusus di sekolah inklusif dapat diterima.

ENGLISH:

Learning motivation is a significant factor in conducting learning activities, without the motivation of a person will not do the learning activities. The number of ABK in Indonesia is quite high, reaching 6.6 million people or three percent of the population of approximately 220 million people. Children in need Special is also an inability in linking various information originating from different parts of their brains. This weakness seems in some ways, such as difficulty in speaking and writing down things, coordination, self-control or attention. Attachment is relations between individuals one with the other individual-specific, binding in a specific span of time, togetherness, which occurs in children depending on the mother's response regarding the needs of their children respectively. Based on the background, researchers want to find out more the level of attachment of parents with children in need special, the level of motivation of learning children in need special inclusive school.

This type of research uses quantitative, consisting of attachment as free variables and bound variables as learning motivation. Population numbers as many as 32 people. Data collection methods were used: the now, observation, and documentation. The appraisal question form in this study using a likert scale. The number of samples that is 32 people ABK (children in need special) of the inclusive school institutions 2 IE 1 and 2 Sumbersari SDN Malang. Research instrument used i.e. scale attachment 16 aitem motivation scale and learned as many as 20 aitem. Use data to analyze the correlation coefficient technique Pearson Product Moment through the program SPSS 10.0 for windows.

The result of this research that: 1. the degree of Attachment between parents with children in need of special is on the category medium, i.e. amounting to 56,25%. 2. The level of motivation of children in need of special study in school is inclusive category being that is 50%. 3. There was a significant positive relationship between attachment with the motivation to learn. It is visible from p α, namely 0000 < < 0.01 and indicated by the r value of 0,739, meaning that the higher the level of attachment that exists between parents and children in need of special then the higher levels of learning motivation of children in need of special inclusive school. This means that hypotheses about the relationship between attachment with the motivation of learning children in need special inclusive school is acceptable.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Hidayah, Rifa
Keywords: Motivasi Belajar; Attachment; Motivation Study; Attachment
Subjects: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology
Departement: Fakultas Psikologi
Depositing User: Dwi Aprilia Gendhis
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2015 05:37
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2015 05:37
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/1517

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