Pengembangan media pembelajaran Fikih menggunakan program Construct 2 dalam meningkatkan motivasi dan prestasi belajar siswa

Arumawan, Muhammad Muhsin (2016) Pengembangan media pembelajaran Fikih menggunakan program Construct 2 dalam meningkatkan motivasi dan prestasi belajar siswa. Masters thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

[img]
Preview
Text (Fulltext)
13770001.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (782kB) | Preview

Abstract

INDONESIA:

Salah satu faktor yang menyebabkan proses belajar mengajar di sekolah kurang efektif dan tidak kreatif adalah banyaknya guru yang belum memanfaatkan sarana dan prasarana madrasah untuk mengembangkan bahan ajar dalam proses pembelajaran secara baik, terutama bahan ajar menggunakan multimedia interaktif. Akibatnya, siswa sering merasa bosan, lelah dan ngantuk selama pelajaran, disebabkan guru menyuguhkan kepada mereka hal-hal yang monoton tanpa variasi yang mendorong mereka untuk belajar secara efektif. Oleh karena itu, peneliti melakukan penelitian tentang media pembelajaran fikih menggunakan program construct 2 di Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Goranggareng Magetan.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk : (1) Menjelaskan validitas media pembelajaran fikih menggunakan program construct 2 yang dikembangkan menurut tim ahli. (2) Menjelaskan pengaruh pemanfaatan media pembelajaran fikih menggunakan program construct 2 terhadap motivasi belajar peserta didik di Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Gorang Gareng Magetan. (3) Menjelaskan pengaruh pemanfaatan media pembelajaran fikih menggunakan program construct 2 terhadap prestasi belajar siswa di Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Goranggareng Magetan.

Sesuai dengan tema yang disajikan, maka peneliti menggunakan jenis penelitian Research dan Development (R&D) dengan model penelitian dan pengembangan yang diadopsi dari Borg dan Gall. Pendekatan yang digunakan oleh peneliti ada dua, yaitu pendekatan kualitatif, untuk mendeskripsikan cara mendesain bahan ajar dengan menggunakan multimedia interaktif pada mata pelajaran fikih dan validitas media pembelajaran yang dikembangkan menurut tim ahli, sedangkan pendekatan kuantitatif untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan media pembelajaran tersebut terhadap motivasi dan prestasi siswa Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Gorang Gareng Magetan.

Hasil penelitian ini adalah : (1) Hasil rerata persentase dari kedua validator materi sebesar 89%, rerata persentase dari ketiga validator media sebesar 77,56% dan rerata persentase dari kedua validator bahasa sebesar 93,8%, yang kemudian semuanya dikonversi sesuai tabel 3.4 maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa media tersebut valid menurut ahli materi, cukup valid menurut ahli media, valid menurut ahli bahasa dan siap dimanfaatkan di lapangan sebenarnya untuk kegiatan pembelajaran tanpa revisi. (2) Berdasarkan hasil analisis observasi, rata-rata skor motivasi belajar siswa kelas VII A sebelum pembelajaran sebesar 4.33 dan kelas VII B sebesar 4.31. Selisih skor antara kedua kelas ialah 0.2. Sedangkan hasil analisis angket kepada siswa, rata-rata skor motivasi belajar siswa kelas VII A sebelum pembelajaran sebesar 35.67 dan kelas VII B sebesar 36.12. Selisih skor antara keduanya ialah 0.45. Hal itu menunjukkan bahwa kedua kelas memiliki motivasi belajar fikih sebelum pembelajaran yang mendekati sama, sehingga motivasi keduanya dapat dinyatakan setara. Berdasarkan analisis hasil observasi, rata-rata skor motivasi belajar siswa kelas VII A sesudah pembelajaran sebesar 9.12 dan kelas VII B sebesar 7.08. Selisih skor antara kedua kelas ialah 2.04. Sedangkan analisis hasil angket, rata-rata skor motivasi belajar siswa kelas

VII A sesudah pembelajaran sebesar 45.83 dan kelas 7B sebesar 38.69. Selisih skor antara keduanya ialah 7.14. Hal itu menunjukkan bahwa kelas VII A sebagai kelompok eksperimen memiliki motivasi belajar fikih sesudah pembelajaran yang lebih tinggi daripada kelas VII B sebagai kelompok kontrol, sehingga pemanfaatan media pembelajaran fikih menggunakan program construct 2 dapat dinyatakan efektif dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar fikih siswa. (3) Berdasarkan analisis hasil observasi, rata-rata skor prestasi siswa kelas VII A sebesar 4.62 dan kelas VII B sebesar 4.38. Selisih skor antara keduanya ialah 0.24. Sedangkan analisis hasil tes, rata-rata skor tes prestasi belajar siswa kelas VII A sebelum pembelajaran sebesar 70.67 dan kelas VII B sebesar 71.50. Selisih skor antara keduanya ialah 0.83. Hal itu menunjukkan bahwa kedua kelas memiliki prestasi belajar fikih sebelum pembelajaran yang mendekati sama, sehingga prestasi awal keduanya dapat dinyatakan setara. Berdasarkan analisis hasil observasi, dapat diketahui bahwa rata-rata skor prestasi belajar siswa kelas VII A sesudah pembelajaran sebesar 8.79 dan kelas VII B sebesar 6.58. Selisih skor antara keduanya ialah 2.21. Sedangkan analisis hasil tes, dapat diketahui bahwa rata-rata skor tes prestasi belajar siswa kelas VII A sebelum pembelajaran sebesar 93.00 dan kelas VII B sebesar 75.62. Selisih skor antara keduanya ialah 17.38. Hal itu menunjukkan bahwa kelas VII A memiliki prestasi belajar fikih sesudah pembelajaran yang lebih tinggi daripada kelas VII B, sehingga dapat dinyatakan bahwa pemanfaatan media pembelajaran fikih menggunakan program construct 2 dapat dinyatakan efektif dalam meningkatkan prestasi belajar fikih siswa.

ENGLISH:

One of the factors that led the instructional uneffectiveness and uncreative is the number of teachers who do not utilize well the facilities and infrastructure of madrasah for developing teaching materials in the learning process, especially the use of multimedia interactive in teaching materials. The result of that condition is the students feel boring, tiring and sleeping during the lesson because the teacher lead them to monotonous activities of teaching and learning without any variety which can encourage them to learn effectively. Based on that reason, the researcher conducts the research on Development of Teaching Media Using Construct Program 2 on Fiqh lesson at State Islamic Junior High School of Goranggareng Magetan.

The aims of this research are: (1) Explaining the validity of Fiqh teaching media through construct Program 2 which is developed based on experts. (2) Explaining the effect of using construct program 2 as Fiqh teaching media to improve student motivation on Fiqh lesson at State Islamic Junior High School of Goranggareng Magetan. (3) Determining the influence of using construct program 2 and its influence to improve student achievement on Fiqh lesson at State Islamic Junior High School of Goranggareng Magetan.

This research is using design Research and Development (R & D) by model of research and development were adopted from Borg and Gall. The approach used by the researchers there are two, namely the qualitative approach, to describe how to design teaching materials using construct program 2 on the Fiqh subject and the validity of teaching media which is developed based on experts, and the quantitative approach which is applied to determine the effect of using construct program 2 as Fiqh teaching media to improve student motivation and achievement on Fiqh lesson at State Islamic Junior High School of Goranggareng Magetan.

The results of this research are: (1) The results of average percentage from two material validators is 89%, the average percentage from three media validators is 77,56% and the average percentage from two language validators is 93,8% which are converted in table 3.4. It can be concluded that based on experts, that media is valid. (2) Based on the observation analysis result, the average of motivation score of students in VII A and VII B before treatment is 4.33 and 4.31. The difference score between two classes is 0.2. Besides that, the questionnaire analysis result shows that the average of students’ motivation score before treatment at class VII A and class VII B is 35.67 and 36.12. The difference between them is 0.45. That result shows that before treatment the students’ motivation in both of classes is almost same, so it can be said that the students’ motivation in learning Fiqh in both classes are equal. Based on the observation analysis result, after treatment, the average of students’ motivation in class VII A and VII B is 9.12 and 7.08. The difference score between students’ motivation in two classes is 2.04. In other side, the questionnaire analysis result after treatment shows that students’ motivation in class VII A and class VII B is 45.83 and 38.69. The difference score between them is 7.14. That result indicates that the students in class VII A as experiment group after given the treatment have the motivation in learning

Fiqh higher than the students in class VII B as the control group. It can be concluded that the utilization of Fiqh teaching media through construct program 2 is effective in improving students’ motivation in learning Fiqh. (3) Based on the observation analysis result, the average of students’ Fiqh achievement in class VII A and VII B is 4.62 and 4.38. The difference score between them is 0.24. In the other hand, the average of test result analysis before treatment is 70.67 for class VII A and 71.50 for class VII B. The different result between them is 0.83. That result shows that before treatment, the students in class VII A similar Fiqh achievement with students in class B, so it can be said in other words that the students in both of classes have equal Fiqh achievement before treatment. According to the result of observation analysis, the average of students Fiqh achievement after treatment is 8.79 for students in class VII A and 6.58 for students in class VII B. The difference score between those two scores is 2.21. In other hand, the analysis of test result shows that the average of test achievement before treatment is 93.00 for students in class VII A and 75.62 for students class VII B. The difference score between them is 17.38. That evidence indicates that after treatment, the students in class VII A have Fiqh achievement higher than the students in class VII B. So, it can be concluded that the use of Construct Program 2 as Fiqh teaching media is effective in improving students Fiqh achievement.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Supervisor: Prabowo, Sugeng Listyo and Marno, Marno
Keywords: Pengembangan; Media Pembelajaran; Mata Pelajaran Fikih; Motivasi dan Prestasi Belajar Siswa; Development; Teaching Media; Construct Programme 2; Fiqh Subject; Student Motivation and Achievement; هزانجإ و ةبلطلا ملعت ةبغر ةيقرت ،وقفلا ةدام ، ةيميلعتلا داوها ،ميمصت
Departement: Sekolah Pascasarjana > Program Studi magister Pendidikan Agama Islam
Depositing User: Dian Anesti
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 06:08
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2016 06:08
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/3300

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item