Efektifitas peran pos bantuan hukum dalam membantu menyelesaikan perkara: Studi di Pengadilan Agama Kabupaten Malang

Hikmah, Fithrotul (2014) Efektifitas peran pos bantuan hukum dalam membantu menyelesaikan perkara: Studi di Pengadilan Agama Kabupaten Malang. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Bantuan hukum merupakan upaya untuk membantu orang yang tidak mampu dalam bidang hukum. Hak asasi manusia (HAM) adalah hak dasar yang diakui secara universal dan melekat pada diri manusia sejak kelahirannya. Salah satu prinsip HAM adalah perlakuan sama dimuka hukum. Program bantuan hukum bagi rakyat kecil yang tidak mampu dan buta hukum adalah merupakan hal yang relatif baru di negara-negara berkembang. Dengan adanya peraturan tentang Bantuan Hukum pada Undang-Undang No. 16 Tahun 2011 dan SEMA No. 10 Tahun 2010, maka Peradilan mempunyai tugas untuk mewujudkan keadilan bagi orang yang mencari keadilan yang kurang mampu. Dengan banyaknya perkara yang masuk hingga mencapai ribuan perkara di Pengadilan Agama Kabupaten Malang dan adanya Pos Bantuan Hukum, peneliti tertarik untuk meneliti sejauh mana tentang keefektifan Pos Bantuan Hukum dalam membantu pencari keadilan menyelesaikan perkara.

Rumusan masalah penelitian ini: a) Bagaimana pandangan hakim tentang efektifitas peran Pos Bantuan Hukum di Pengadilan Agama Kabupaten Malang? b) Bagaimana pandangan pencari keadilan terhadap peran Pos Bantuan Hukum dalam membantu menyelesaikan perkara? Tujuannya adalah untuk mengetahui keefektifan Pos Bantuan Hukum terhadap pencari keadilan dalam membantu menyelesaikan perkara di Pengadilan Agama Kabupaten Malang.

Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian empiris dengan metode pendekatan kualitatif yang merupakan penelitian berdasarkan dengan fakta. Dalam memperoleh data, peneliti menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Dan analisis yang digunakan adalah dengan metode analisis deskriptif.

Berdasarkan penelitian diketahui bahwa Posbakum di Pengadilan Agama Kabupaten Malang masih belum efektif dalam membantu menyelesaikan perkara, karena Posbakum hanya membantu dalam pembuatan surat gugatan sedang efektifitas itu didapat ketika Posbakum juga mengadvokasi para pihak dalam persidangan dan diukur dengan 3 unsur, yakni sosiologis, filosofis, dan yuridis serta faktor-faktor pendukung yang mempengaruhi efektifitas hukum. Dan Posbakum sangat membantu pencari keadilan dalam hal pembuatan surat gugatan atau permohonan, dimana bagi mereka yang awam hukum atau tidak paham tentang hukum dan membantu proses mengajukan perkara di Pengadilan Agama. Dan penerima bantuan hukum berhak mendapatkan bantuan hukum hingga masalahnya selesai atau perkaranya mempunyai kekuatan hukum yang tetap.

ENGLISH:

Legal aid is an attempt to help people who can not afford the legal field. Human rights (human rights) are rights that are universally recognized basic and inherent in human beings from birth. One of the principles of human rights is equal treatment before the law. Legal aid program for poor people who can not afford and is legally blind is relatively new in developing countries. With the regulation of the Legal Aid Act No. 16 In 2011 and SEMA No. 10 In 2010, the Court has a duty to achieve justice for those who are less able to seek justice. With the number of cases that go up to thousands of cases in the Religious and the existence of Malang Regency Legal Aid Post, researchers interested in examining the extent to which Legal Aid Post on the effectiveness in aiding the search for justice in resolving the case.

Research formulation problems are: a) How do the judges of the effectiveness of the role of Legal Aid Post in the Religious Malang? b) How do the views justice seekers in the role of Legal Aid Post in helping to resolve the case? The goal is to determine the effectiveness of the Legal Aid Post to seeking justice in helping to resolve cases in the Religious Malang.

This research uses an empirical study with a qualitative approach that is research based on the facts. In obtaining the data, the researcher uses observation, interviews, and documentation. And analysis method used is descriptive analysis.

Based on the research it is known that in the Religious Legal Aid Post Malang still has not been effective in helping to resolve the case, because Legal Aid Post only assist in the making of a lawsuit or the effectiveness of the application are obtained when Legal Aid Post also advocate for the parties in the trial and also measured by three substance there are sociology, philosophical, and juridical with the supporting factors that affect effectiveness of the law. And seeking justice Legal Aid Post very helpful in terms of making the lawsuit or petition, which for those who are unfamiliar or do not understand the law about the law and helping the process of bringing a case in the Religious. And the legal beneficiaries are entitled to legal assistance until the problem is solved or his case remains a criminal offense.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Zuhriah, Erfaniah
Keywords: Efektifitas; Bantuan Hukum; Pos Bantuan Hukum; Effectiveness; Legal Aid; Legal Aid Post
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180128 Islamic Family Law > 18012827 Islamic Court & Civil Procedure
Departement: Fakultas Syariah > Jurusan al-Ahwal al-Syakhshiyyah
Depositing User: Saputra Edi
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2015 03:14
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2015 03:14
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/291

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