Pola relasi keluarga di kalangan para Tuan-Guru dalam membentuk keluarga sakinah: Studi relasi keluarga di masyarakat sasak Kabupaten Lombok Tengah

Habibi, Mohamad (2015) Pola relasi keluarga di kalangan para Tuan-Guru dalam membentuk keluarga sakinah: Studi relasi keluarga di masyarakat sasak Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Setiap insan yang berkeluarga berharap keluarganya menjadi sakinah. Fenomena keluarga masyarakat biasa dengan masyarakat kalangan Tuan-Guru (Monogami) terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan. Banyak dijumpai perselisihan keluarga pada masyarakat biasa dengan ragam keadaan ekonomi dan pendidikan. Sedangkan di kalangan Tuan-Guru (Monogami), seperti apa pun keadaan ekonomi dan pendidikannya, jarang sekali dijumpai kegoncangan dalam keluarganya.

Berdasarkan fenomena tersebut, diadakan penelitian ini yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola relasi keluarga dan upaya-upaya yang dilakukan para Tuan-Guru (Monogami) dalam membentuk keluarga sakinah.

Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian deskriptif dengan jenis penelitian lapangan (field reaserch). Sesuai dengan jenis dan sifat penelitian ini, maka pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ialah pendekatan kualitatif fenomenologis, dengan sumber data berupa data primer dan sekunder yang dikumpulkan dengan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Kemudian data-data diolah dan dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif.

Pola relasi keluarga dikalangan para Tuan-Guru yaitu, pola religius-modernis bagi keluarga yang ekonomi menengah ke atas dan pola religius-tradisionalis untuk keluarga yang ekonomi menengah ke bawah. Relasi keluarga lebih condong kepada agama, baik relasi antara suami dan istri maupun relasi antara anak dan kedua orang tua. Berdasarkan tipologi perkawinan dari aspek pembagian peran dan pengambilan keputusan keluarga, disebut modernis karena mengikuti pola perkawinan modern yang ditandai dengan suami sebagai pencari nafkah utama, istri sebagai pencari nafkah tambahan serta mengurus rumah, dan suami istri memiliki hak/wewenang yang seimbang dalam pengambilan keputusan keluarga. Selanjutnya, dikategorikan tradisionalis disebabkan masih dominannya budaya pertanian, kekerabatan masih sangat erat, suami sebagai pencari nafkah dan istri sebagai pelengkap suami yang mengurus rumah, kemudian pengambilan keputusan dalam keluarga masih didominasi oleh suami.

Upaya yang dilakukan para Tuan-Guru dalam mewujudkan keluarga sakinah ialah dengan cara niat, proses menuju dan menjalankan rumah tangga didasarkan kepada al-Qur’an dan sunnah rasulullah SAW. Motivasi utama pernikahan mereka ialah agama, sebagaimana stressing yang diberikan Nabi SAW dalam hadits beliau. Menjalankan sunah-sunah Nabi dalam mempersiapkan pernikahan. Begitu pula, dalam menghadapi dan menjalani rumah tangga dimaksimalkan agar sesuai dengan tuntunan dan tuntutan Allah dan Rasul-Nya.

ENGLISH:

Everybody who married into a Sakinah family wished. Family phenomenon among ordinary people with community of teachers (Monogamy) there are significant differences. Family disputes are often found in ordinary people with diverse economic circumstances and education. While in the techears (Monogamy), like any state of the economy and education, rarely encountered the tossing family.

Based on this phenomenon, conducted this study aimed to determine the pattern of family relations and the efforts done by the teachers (Monogamy) in forming a Sakinah family.

This research used descriptive research design with type of field research. According to the type and nature of this study, the approach used in this study was a qualitative phenomenological approach, with the data sources was in the form of primary and secondary data that collected by observation, interview, and documentation. Then the data was processed and analyzed descriptively qualitative.

Family relationship patterns among the Teachers namely, the religious-modernist pattern for middle class families up and patterns of religious-traditionalists for middle class families and soon. Family relationships are more inclined to religion, good relations between husband and wife as well as the relation between the child and parents. Based on the typology of aspects of the division of roles of marriage and family decision-making, called modernist because it follows the pattern of modern marriage which is marked with the husband as the main breadwinner, the wife was as additional breadwinners and care of the house, and the husband and wife have the same right/authority in family decision making, Furthermore, due to the dominance of traditionalist categorized of farming culture, kinship is still very tight, the husband was as breadwinner and the wife as a complement to the husband who takes care of the house, then decision-making in the family is still dominated by the husband.

The efforts which weremade by the Teachers in creating Sakinah,family by way of intentions, the process of leading and running the household based on the Qur'an and Sunnah of the prophet Muhammad. The main motivation of marriage was religious, as stressing that given the Prophet Muhammad in his hadith. Run sunnah of the Prophet in preparing for the wedding. Similarly, that face and undergoing households maximized to fit with the demands of God and His Messenger (Rasul).

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Roibin, Roibin
Keywords: Relasi Keluarga; Tuan-Guru; Keluarga Sakinah; Family Relationships; Teachers; Sakinah Family
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180128 Islamic Family Law > 18012829 Islamic Family Issues & Local Tradition
Departement: Fakultas Syariah > Jurusan al-Ahwal al-Syakhshiyyah
Location: 18012829
Depositing User: Heni Kurnia Ningsih
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 09:11
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2016 09:11
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/2712

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