Survei kadar karboksihemoglobin (COHb) dan kesehatan pekerja parkir di pusat perbelanjaan Kota Malang

Juita, Ratna (2012) Survei kadar karboksihemoglobin (COHb) dan kesehatan pekerja parkir di pusat perbelanjaan Kota Malang. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Udara merupakan faktor yang penting dalam kehidupan namun dengan meningkatnya aktivitas di muka bumi menyebabkan pencemaran udara. Salah satu penyebab terbesar dalam pencemaran udara adalah asap kendaraan bermotor. Asap kendaraan bermotor mengandung gas yang sangat berbahaya bagi kesehatan manusia yaitu berupa gas NO2, CO, CO2, O3, SO2 dan lain-lain. Gas berbahaya ini dapat mengakibatkan keracunan bahkan kematian bagi manusia.

Penelitian dilakukan di Parkir bawah tanah di pusat perbelanjaan kota Malang dan Laboratorium Jurusan Kimia Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang pada bulan Juli-Agustus 2011. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah expos factor. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kadar karboksihemoglobin (COHb) para pekerja parkir dan dampaknya bagi kesehatan. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 6 orang atau responden (petani dan pelajar) sebagai pembanding, 12 orang pekerja parkir mobil dan 12 orang pekerja parkir motor.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kadar COHb dari pekerja parkir, baik pekerja parkir mobil maupun pekerja parkir motor lebih tingih dibanding kadar COHb orang normal, hal ini terjadi karena pekerja parkir menghirup gas CO hasil buangan kendaraan yang terparkir, karena gas CO bersifat racun yang ikut bereaksi dalam metabolisme melalui aliran darah. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kadar COHb para pekerja parkir berbanding lurus dengan jumlah rokok yang mereka konsumsi per hari. Hasil pengamatan terhadap kesehatan 12 orang pekerja parkir mobil maupun motor menunjukan bahwa tingginya kandungan COHb menyebabkan gangguan kesehatan diantaranya: cepat merasa lelah, mata berkunang-kunang, sakit kepala, keram, lemas, mual, dan mata pedih.

ENGLISH:

The air is an important factor in life, but with increased activity in the face of the earth causing air pollution. One of the biggest causes of air pollution are motor vehicle fumes. Motor vehicle fumes contain gases that are dangerous to human health that is in the form of NO2, CO, CO2, O3, SO2 and others. These dangerous gases can cause poisoning and even death to humans.

The study was conducted in the underground parking at the shopping center and the Laboratory of Malang Muhammadiyah Malang University Chemistry Department in July-August 2011. The study design used in this study is expos factor. This study aims to determine the levels of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) workers parking and its impact on health. The research was conducted on 6 people or respondents (farmers and students) as a comparison, 12 were workers and 12 car parking motor park workers.

The results showed COHb levels of employee parking, employee parking either car or motorcycle parking workers more tingih COHb levels than normal people, this happens because the employee parking lot of CO gas inhalation results of a parked vehicle exhaust, because the toxic CO gas reacts involved in the metabolism through the bloodstream. The results showed that levels of COHb workers parking is directly proportional to the number of cigarettes they consumed per day. The results of observations of 12 health workers were parking cars and motorcycles showed that the high content of COHb cause health problems such as: quickly feel tired, dizzy eyes, headaches, cramps, fatigue, nausea, and sore eyes.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Susilowati, Retno and Andriani, Amalia Fitri
Keywords: Karboksihemoglobin (COHb); Pekerja Parkir; Carboxy hemoglobin (COHb); Worker Parking
Subjects: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060806 Animal Physiological Ecology
Departement: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi > Jurusan Biologi
Location: 060806
Depositing User: Ratih Novitasari
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 09:48
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2016 09:48
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/2592

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