Pelaksanaan perkawinan orang berketerbelakangan mental di Desa Karangpatihan Kecamatan Balong Kabupaten Ponorogo

Kartika, Leoni Intan (2011) Pelaksanaan perkawinan orang berketerbelakangan mental di Desa Karangpatihan Kecamatan Balong Kabupaten Ponorogo. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Islam memandang perkawinan sebagai suatu peristiwa penting dalam kehidupan manusia serta merupakan sarana untuk mewujudkan rasa kasih sayang sesama manusia yang dari padanya dapat diharapkan kelestarian proses historis keberadaan manusia dalam kehidupan di dunia.

Perkawinan yang ideal, harus memenuhi rukun dan syarat yang telah disyari’atkan. Namun, bagaimana dengan perkawinan yang dilakukan oleh orang berketerbelakangan mental sebagaimana yang terjadi di Desa Karangpatihan, Kecamatan Balong, Kabupaten Ponorogo. Di desa tersebut terdapat 42 KK yang mengalami keterbelakangan mental yang disebabkan oleh faktor kekurangan iodium, karena daerahnya terletak di daerah perbukitan yang tanahnya tandus dan berkapur.

Dalam perkawinan yang dilaksanakan oleh orang berketerbelakangan mental terdapat permasalahan yang sangat signfikan, yaitu bagaimana ijab-qabul dari orang berketerbelakangan mental tersebut, padahal ijab-qabul termasuk rukun dan syarat sahnya perkawinan.

Tujuan dari penelitian ini antara lain untuk mengetahui: 1) Pelaksanaan perkawinan orang berketerbelakangan mental di Desa Karangpatihan Kecamatan Balong Kabupaten Ponorogo, 2) Keturunan yang dihasilkan dihasilkan dari perkawinan orang berketerbelakangan mental di Desa Karangpatihan Kecamatan Balong Kabupaten Ponorogo. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian lapangan (field research) dan pendekatannya yakni kualitatif. Adapun sumber datanya menggunakan sumber data primer dan sekunder. Metode pengumpulan datanya menggunakan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Sedangkan metode pengolahan data dengan editing, classifying, verifying, analyzing, concluding.

Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, orang terbelakang mental yang melakukan perkawinan adalah orang berketerbelakangan mental dalam kategori ringan dan sedang. Selain berketerbelakangan mental, mereka juga mengalami bisu dan tuli. Dalam pelaksanaan perkawinan orang berketerbelakangan mental ini, rukun dan syarat perkawinannya lengkap. Namun hanya dalam ijab dan qabulnya yang berbeda dengan orang normal. Untuk orang berketerbelakangan mental disertai bisu, ijab qabulnya dengan menggunakan isyarat. Sedangkan orang berketerbelakangan mental disertai tuli, ijab qabulnya denga ucapan, tapi suaranya harus keras sekiranya dapat terdengar. Namun, dengan itu saja belum bisa menjadikan sah perkawinan mereka. ketika ia melakukan akad, keabsahan akad yang dilakukannya itu bergantung kepada izin dari wali atau tuannya.

Sedangkan keturunan yang dihasilkan oleh orang berketerbelakangan mental tidak selalu berketerbelakangan mental, seperti yang dialami orang tuanya. Hal ini, selain dikarenakan oleh faktor genetik, juga dikarenakan pada saat di dalam kandungan, janin kekurangan gizi dan yodium yang dapat merusak pertumbuhan janin, terutama pada otaknya. Sehingga berfikirnya tidak berkembang.

ENGLISH:

According to Islam marriage is an important event in human life and it is a means to bring the affection between human beings who can be expected to preservation of the historical process of human life in the world.

An ideal Marriage must be fill essential principle and requirements that have been decided. However, how the marriages performed by mental retardation people as occurred in the village of Karangpatihan, Balong district, in Ponorogo. In that village there are 42 families who got mental retardation caused by iodine deficiency, because the area is located in hilly areas where the land is barren and chalky.

There is significance problems that is occur to mental retardation person who have got marriage. Namely, how is ijab-qabul can imply in a person who got mental retardation whereas, ijab-qabul is included the essential principle and legally requisite of marriage.

The purpose of this study is to determine: 1) the marriage implementation of mental retardation people in Karangpatihan Village Ponorogo. 2) the mental retardation people generation that come from the marriage between the retardation people. This research is a kind of field research and used qualitative approach. The data source was primary and secondary. The methods that are used to collect data were observation, interviews, and documentation while the methods to analyze the data were editing, classifying, verifying, analyzing, and concluding.

Based on this research, the finding of this study was the people who got mental retardation in debil and embisil categories. In addition the people who got mental retardation also have been mute and deaf. Thus, in the implementation of mental retardation people when they were marriage the essential principle and requirements is completely. However, the ijaab-qobul which was done different by the mental retardation people with the normal people. For mental retardation people who are mute the ijab-qobul using sign while mental retardation people who are deaf the ijab-qobul using speeches but the voice must be louder. However, using that way the mental retardation people may not be able to make their marriage legal. They made validity of the contract must be through permission from their guardian.

The generation that was born by the mental retardation people not always mental be retardation people, such as, faced by their parents. Thus, the mental retardation appears because not only the genetic factor influenced to the next generation but also when they were in womb. The embryo is lack of malnutrition and iodine that can damage the embryo growth, especially in the brain. So theirhow the way they to think is not growth.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Zuhriah, Erfaniah
Keywords: Keterbelakangan Mental; Karangpatihan; Mental Retardation
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180128 Islamic Family Law > 18012801 Pernikahan (Secara Umum)
Departement: Fakultas Syariah > Jurusan al-Ahwal al-Syakhshiyyah
Location: 18012801
Depositing User: Ratih Novitasari
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 09:37
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2016 09:37
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/2550

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