Tinjauan fiqh muamalah terhadap transaksi jual beli HP second dengan cacat tersembunyi: Studi di pasar rombengan malam Malang

Rahman, Moh. Lutfi (2013) Tinjauan fiqh muamalah terhadap transaksi jual beli HP second dengan cacat tersembunyi: Studi di pasar rombengan malam Malang. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Saat ini, semakin banyak peminat hp second sehingga mengakibatkan peningkatan terhadap transaksi jual beli hp second. Banyak penjual menggunakan berbagai cara dalam jual beli hp second tanpa melihat resiko, salah satunya dengan cara menyembunyikan cacat terhadap barang dagangannya. Sehingga banyak konsumen yang mengalami kerugian dalam melakukan transaksi jual beli. Fiqh muamalah telah mengatur pelaksanaan jual beli sesuai syara’. Dengan alasan inilah penulis memilih lokasi pasar Rombengan Malam (Roma) di Malang sebagai lokasi penelitian, karena pasar tersebut merupakan pusat jual beli hp second di kota Malang.

Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah, pertama: untuk mengetahui bagaimana pelaksanaan transaksi jual beli hp second di pasar Roma, kedua, apakah terdapat praktek jual beli hp second dengan cacat tersembunyi di pasar Roma, ketiga, bagaimana tinjauan fiqh muamalah terhadap praktek jual beli hp second dengan cacat tersembunyi di pasar Roma.

Dalam menggali data, menganalisis dan mengambil kesimpulan dari hasil analisis persoalan, peneliti menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif serta menggunakan literatur sebagai acuan dalam menyusun pembahasan. Pengumulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi terhadap subyek yang diteliti yakni pihak-pihak yang melakukan transaksi jual beli di pasar Roma. Sumber data yang dipakai dalam penelitian ini adalah sumber data primer dan sekunder. Data yang telah terkumpul dianalisis menggunakan cara deskriptif kualitatif.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: pertama, transaksi jual beli hp second yang terjadi di pasar Roma secara akad telah memenuhi rukun dan syarat jual beli, sehingga hukumnya sah sesuai dengan aturan jual beli dalam fiqh muamalah. Namun, secara praktek masih belum sesuai aturan fiqh muamalah, kerena masih banyak penjual yang belum mengetahui secara keseluruhan mengenai kecacatan hp second yang dijualnya, sehingga mengakibatkan adanya kerugian oleh konsumen. Kedua, dalam aturan fiqh muamalah, ada dua indikasi mengenai cacat tersembunyi, jika kecacatan itu merupakan unsur kesengajaan dari penjual, maka jual belinya termasuk jual beli gharar, jual beli gharar dilarang dalam Islam. Indikasi yang kedua, jika kecacatan tidak diketahui oleh kedua belah pihak, maka harus ada khiyar (hak memilih), khiyar yang mungkin diberikan penjual di pasar Roma kepada konsumen, menurut peneliti adalah khiyar ‘aib, yang berarti konsumen berhak meneruskan, membatalkan atau menukar barang yang dibelinya dengan tujuan mencapai kemaslahatan bersama.

ENGLISH:

The demander of second cellular phone is increasing in the number, it increases the sale-buy transaction of second cellular phone. Many sellers, however, involve within the sale-buy process of second cellular phone without considering the risk of fraud. One fraud is hiding the defect of the product. Therefore, many consumers are subjected to loss after transaction. Fiqh Muamalah has arranged the sale-buy based on syara’. By this reason, the researches observes the location of Rombengan Malam (Roma) market in Malang as the location of research because this market is the sale-buy center of second cellular phone in Malang City.

The objectives of research are; first, to understand how is the sale-buy transaction of second cellular phone at Roma market; second, to acknowledge whether there is the sale-buy practice of second cellular phone with hidden defective at Roma market; and third, to figure out the Fiqh Muamalah contemplation over the sale-buy practice of second cellular phone with hidden defective at Roma market.

Research involves data exploration, data analysis and conclusion from the result of analysis. Therefore, qualitative approach is used and related literatures are used as the reference of discussion. Data are collected through observation, interview and documentation of the subjects, especially the related parties in the sale-buy transaction at Roma market. Data type are primary and secondary. The collected data are analyzed using qualitative descriptive method.

Result of research indicates that; first, sale-buy transaction of second cellular phone at Roma market has complied with the sale-buy norm and requirement. Therefore, the transaction process is legally verified because it is aligned with the sale-buy regulation within fiqh muamalah. However, in practice and in system, it is not entirely consistent with fiqh muamalah because many sellers do not understand the defect of second cellular phone, and this put consumers in the loss position. Second, within fiqh muamalah, two indications of hidden effect are explained. If the defect is intentionally made by the seller, the sale-buy is gharar, and thus, forbidden by Islam. The second indication is that if the defect is not recognized by both sides of transaction, there must be khiyar (right to choose). Khiyar that can be given by the seller at Roma market to the consumer is khiyar aib, which means that consumer has a right to proceed, cancel or exchange the product has been bought in order to obtain mutual agreement.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Sumbulah, Umi
Keywords: Fiqh Muamalah; Jual Beli; Hp second; Cacat Tersembunyi; Fiqh Muamalah; Sale-Buy; Second Cellular Phone; Hidden Defective
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180127 Mu'amalah (Islamic Commercial & Contract Law) > 18012701 al-Bai’ (incl. al-Khiyar)
Departement: Fakultas Syariah > Jurusan Hukum Bisnis Syariah
Location: 18012701
Depositing User: Imam Rohmanu
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 08:27
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2016 08:27
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/2478

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