Pendapat tokoh agama terhadap utang panenan kopi: Studi kasus di Desa Sidomulyo Kecamatan Silo kabupaten jember

Kholdun, Ibnu (2015) Pendapat tokoh agama terhadap utang panenan kopi: Studi kasus di Desa Sidomulyo Kecamatan Silo kabupaten jember. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islan Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Ajaran Islam tidak terlepas dari kodrat manusia sebagai makhluk sosial yang tidak dapat hidup sendiri tanpa orang lain. Kegiatan muamalah bagian dari hukum Islam yang mengatur hubungan antar seseorang dengan orang lain, baik antar pribadi maupun berbentuk badan hukum. Meskipun fiqih muamalah diatur dan banyak dibicarakan dalam kitab-kitab fiqih klasik dan kontemporer, akan tetapi tidak semua bentuk transaksi dapat diatur karena fiqih muamalah bersifat dinamis, progresif dan sesuai dengan perkembangan zaman yang setiap waktu terus berubah.

Penelitian ini fokus terhadap dua permasalahan yang menjadi kajian pokok, pertama, bagaimana praktek utang panenan kopi yang terjadi di Desa Sidomulyo Kecamatan Silo Kabupaten Jember. Kedua, bagaimana pandangan tokoh agama sterhadap praktek utang panenan kopi di Desa Sidomulyo Kecamatan Silo Kabupaten Jember.

Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian empiris dengan menggunakan pendekatan kasus (Case Approach). Sedangkan objek penelitian ini adalah masyarakat Desa Sidomulyo, Kecamatan Silo, Kabupaten Jember. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian kualitatif dengan hasil pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dan dokumentasi. Informan dalam penelitian ini adalah tokoh agama dan penduduk desa Sidomulyo yang terlibat dalam transaksi utang panenan kopi.

Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang peneliti lakukan, maka dapat dideskripsikan: 1) praktek utang panenan kopi yang terjadi di Desa Sidomulyo adalah praktek utang piutang dengan pembayaran kopi panenan oleh pihak yang berutang kepada pihak yang memberikan pinjaman (piutang), pembayaran dengan kopi tersebut merupakan kebiasaan yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat ketika mereka melakukan praktek utang piutang. Pembayaran dengan kopi basah tersebut disesuaikan dengan jumlah utang yang dipinjam. Besaran potongan atau stand harga tersebut tergantung kesepakatan awal yang dibuat oleh kedua belah pihak. 2) Menurut tokoh agama bahwa praktek utang panenan kopi di desa Sidomulyo kecamatan Silo kabupaten jember adalah boleh karena tidak terjadi pertambahan nilai pada pinjaman uang. Dengan berdasarkan kesepakatan dan keikhlasan dari kedua belah pihak.

ENGLISH:

Islamic teachings cannot be separated from human nature as social creatures Islam cannot hiup it without anyone the muamalah part of laws governing relations between one to the other, either between Personal and shaped the agency Not all the deal could be a dynamic muamalah it, progressive and to time progress that kept changing every time.

Type of this research is the type of researchregulated and a lot of discussion in the books of fiqih classical and contemporary , however Not all the deal could be a dynamic process muamalah it, progressive and to time progress that kept changing every time. Not all the deal could be a dynamic process muamalah it , progressive and to time progress that kept changing every time.penelitian this is the type of research Not all the deal could be a dynamic ' muamalah it, progressive and to time progress that kept changing every time.penelitian this is the type of research Qualitative in an interview with the results of collecting data and documentation.

For in this research is people or villagers sidomulyo involved in debt transaction an coffee Based on research results that researchers do , it can be described: 1 the Described the practice of debt: 1 coffee crops sidomulyo happened in the village coffee crops by the party owe it to the party is the practice of debt Described the practice of debt: 1 coffee crops sidomulyo happened in the village coffee crops by the party owe it to the party is the practice of debt Described the practice of debt: 1 coffee crops sidomulyo happened in the village coffee crops by the party owe it to the party is the practice of debt.

Described the practice of debt: 1 coffee crops sidomulyo happened in the village coffee crops by the party owe it to the party is the practice of debt Described the practice of debt: Described the practice of debt: 1 coffee crops sidomulyo happened in the village coffee crops by the party owe it to the party is the practice of debt Described the practice of debt: 1 coffee crops sidomulyo happened in the village coffee crops by the party owe it to the party is the practice of debt .

Receivable with the payment of an provide loans receivable ).Payment with coffee wet is in accordance with the amount payable borrowed plus by Depending on the agreement early made by both parties.2 ) laws against the practice of debt coffee crops in the village sidomulyo according to islamic law Sidomulyo could not be used as reason to change to the law of the resulting increase in value ,

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Fakhruddin, Fakhruddin
Keywords: Debt Crops; Islamic Law; Utang Panenan; Hukum Islam
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180127 Mu'amalah (Islamic Commercial & Contract Law) > 18012701 al-Bai’ (incl. al-Khiyar)
Departement: Fakultas Syariah > Jurusan Hukum Bisnis Syariah
Depositing User: Annas Al-haq
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2015 03:24
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2015 03:24
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/239

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