Etnobotani tumbuhan obat oleh masyarakat suku Osing di Kecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi

Ritonga, Neta Idiani (2011) Etnobotani tumbuhan obat oleh masyarakat suku Osing di Kecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Pengetahuan tentang pemanfaatan tumbuhan merupakan hal yang sangat penting. Melihat begitu banyaknya jenis tumbuhan yang ada, namun hanya sedikit yang masih dimanfaatkan, jadi tidak jarang tumbuhan hanya dianggap sebagai gulma yang harus dimusnahkan. Salah satu suku yang masih mememanfaatkan tumbuhan dan lingkungannya untuk keperluan pengobatan yaitu Suku Using. Suku Using ini berdomisili di Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Jawa Timur, Indonesia. Pengetahuan Suku Using tentang pemanfaatan tumbuhan disampaikan secara lisan oleh leluhur dari generasi ke generasi. Namun ada kecenderungan bagi generasi muda kurang mengetahui manfaat tumbuhan sebagai obat yang ada disekitarnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkonservasi pengetahuan lokal (indigenous knowledge) dan pemanfaatan tumbuhan sebagai obat oleh Masyarakat Suku Using di Kecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi.

Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Mei sampai bulan Juni 2001 di Desa Kemiren, Desa Glagah, Desa Olesari dan Desa Paspan, Kecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Jenis penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif eksploratif dengan metode surve, wawancara terstruktur (structured interview) dan wawancara semi-terstruktur. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah masyarakat Suku Using di empat desa contoh Kecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Penentuan responden ditentukan dengan menggunakan metode purposive sampling yang terdiri dari: masyarakat yang mengerti tentang tumbuhan obat dengan batasan: dapat mengemukakan jenis tumbuhan dan kegunaannya untuk obat, serta cara menggunakannya sebagai obat. Adapun responden penelitian ini yang mewakili ke empat desa yaitu: Desa Kemiren, 30 responden termasuk di dalamnya 5 informan kunci. Desa Glagah, 25 responden termasuk di dalamnya 4 informan kunci. Desa Olesari, 24 responden termasuk di dalamnya 3 informan kunci dan Desa Paspan, 14 responden termasuk di dalamnya 3 informan kunci.

Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, diketahui terdapat 55 spesies tumbuhan yang dimanfaatkan sebagai obat. Spesies tumbuhan yang sering dimanfaatkan sebagai komponen utama dalam bahan baku pengobatan tradisional, baik oleh masyarakat umum maupun pengobat tradisional adalah tumbuhan rimpang-rimpangan (jari suku Zingiberaceae seperti jahe, kencur, temukunci, kunci pepet, kunyit, lengkuas, lempuyang dan temulawak. Bagian tumbuhan yang paling banyak dimanfaatkan untuk obat adalah daun sebesar 30%, rimpang sebesar 27%, bunga sebesar 13%, batang sebesar 9%, akar sebesar 6% dan getah 7%. Sumber perolehan tumbuhan obat yang sering dimanfaatkan adalah dari hasil budidaya sendiri sebesar 39%, tumbuh liar/tumbuh sendiri 32%, sedangkan tumbuhan yang dibeli dipasar hanya 29%.

ENGLISH:

The knowledge about the uses of plants is very important. So many types of plants that is growt, but only a few are still used, so as usual many plants are considered as a weed which haveto be exterminated. One of Tribes who still use a plant and its environment for the treatment is Using Tribe. Using Tribe is in the Regency of Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia. The Using Tribe knowledge about the utilization of plants are transmitted by the ancestors orally from generation to generation. But there is a tendency for the younger generation to be not familiar with the use of plants around them for medicines. This study aims to conserve local knowledge (indigenous knowledge) and the use of plants as medicine by the Using Tribe in Glagah District, of Banyuwangi.

The research was conduckd from May to June 2001 in Kemiren Village, Glagah Village, Olesari Village and Village Paspan, District of Glagah, Banyuwangi regency. The type of this research is a descriptive exploratory by Using survey method, structured interviews (structured interview) and semi- structured interviews. The population of this study is the Using Tribe of four villages of distrik of Glagah, Banyuwangi Regency. The respondents were determined by purposive sampling method that consists of: people who know about medicinal plants with the limitation: the are able to explain the types of plants and their usefulness for the medicine, as well as how to use it as medicine. This study's respondents which represent the four villages those are: Kemiren village, 30 respondents are including five key informants. Glagah village, 25 respondents are including four key informants. Olesari village, 24 respondents are including three informants and village Paspan, 14 respondents are included three key informants.

Based on the results of the research, it is known that there are 55 species of plants are able to beused as medicine. Plant species those are often used as a main component in the raw materials of the traditional medicine, both by the general public as well as traditional are plant-rimpangan form Genus rhizome Zingiberaceae as like Jahe, kencur, temukunci, kuncipepet, kunyit, lengkuas, lempuyang and temulawak. Plant parts That most widely used for medicine are the leaves by 30%, roots 27%, flower at 13%, 9% of stems, roots at 6% and 7% of resin. The medicinal plants sources which are frequently used are from their own cultivation by 39 %, growing wild / grow it’s own 32%, while the plants are purchased in the market only 29%.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Minarno, Eko Budi and Barizi, Ahmad
Keywords: Etnobotani; Tumbuhan Obat; Suku Osing; Ethnobotany; Medicinal Plants; Osing Tribe
Subjects: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060207 Population Ecology
Departement: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi > Jurusan Biologi
Depositing User: Chusnul Faida Ulfa
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2015 07:30
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2015 07:30
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/962

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