Studi keanekaragaman dan pola distribusi tumbuhan paku di Taman Nasional Bromo Tengger Semeru

Rachmat, Firlia (2011) Studi keanekaragaman dan pola distribusi tumbuhan paku di Taman Nasional Bromo Tengger Semeru. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Zona Pemanfaatan Tradisional merupakan salah satu zona yang terdapat di Taman Nasional Bromo Tengger Semeru (TN.BTS). Kawasan ini banyak dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat sekitar serta pengunjung karena dihuni oleh berbagai jenis keanekaragaman flora dan fauna, salah satunya adalah tumbuhan paku. Tumbuhan paku adalah tumbuhan kormus berspora yang bersifat kosmopolitan yang mempunyai banyak manfaat. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi keanekaragaman jenis, mengetahui pola distribusi, dan mengetahui Indeks Nilai Penting (INP) tumbuhan paku yang menyusun vegetasi di TN.BTS.

Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Mei 2011, di Zona Pemanfaatan Tradisional, TN.BTS dan Laboraturium Optik serta Ekologi Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi di UIN Maliki Malang. Area pengambilan sampel tumbuhan paku dilakukan di Awal Zona Pemanfaatan mulai dari arah Kota Malang sampai Ranu Pani yang berjarak ± 10 km. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif yaitu mendiskripsikan tentang keanekaragaman dan pola distribusi jenis tumbuhan paku terestrial. Metode yang digunakan adalah transek yaitu dengan membagi awal Zona Pemanfaatan Tradisional sampai Ranu Pani menjadi 10 titik pengamatan dengan ukuran 1 km/titik pengamatan. Pada masing-masing titik pengamatan diletakkan garis transek sepanjang 100 m2 sebanyak 10 transek. Sepanjang garis transek dibuat plot ukuran 2 x 2 m2 dengan tempat tertentu yang dipilih secara acak (Metode Random Purposive Sampling). Tumbuhan paku diidentifikasian menggunakan Ferns of Malaysia in Colour (Piggot, 1988), Flora of Thailand, Pteridophyta (Iwatsuki dan Iwatsuki, 1979, 1985, 1988, 1989), Key to The Families Of Ferns And Fern Allies in Australia (McCarthy, 1998) dan Jenis Paku Indonesia (LIPI,1980).

Hasil penelitian menemukan 12 Famili yang terdiri dari 17 spesies. Indeks Nilai Penting tertinggi adalah jenis Pteridium aqulinum L (160, 38%) sedangkan Indeks Nilai Penting terendah adalah jenis Selaginella intermedia (Bl.) Spring dan Gleichenia linearis (Burm) dengan nilai yang sama (1,70%). Indeks Keanekaragaman 1,68 dengan dominansi 0,32 menunjukkan tumbuhan paku di TN.BTS tergolong sedang. Berdasarkan analisis Indeks Morisita pola distribusi tumbuhan paku di TN.BTS cenderung mengelompok (clumped).

ENGLISH:

Traditional Use Zone is one of the zones found in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TN.BTS). This area is used by many local people and visitors because it is inhabited by various species of flora and fauna diversity, one of which is ferns. Ferns are plants that are cosmopolitan kormus have spora which has many benefits. The research aims to identify the species diversity, to know the distribution patterns and to know the importance value index (INP) of ferns that make up the vegetation in TN.BTS.

The study was conducted in May 2011, in Traditional Use Zone, TN.BTS and Optics Laboratory of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology of UIN Maliki Malang. The area sampling performed early ferns Use Zone of the city of Malang to Ranu Pani within ± 10 km. The design of the study is a quantitative descriptive of describing the diversity and the distribution patterns of species of terrestrial ferns. The method used is the beginning of the transect that the beggining of Traditional Use Zone to Ranu Pani into 10 observation points with a size of 1 km / observation points. At each observation point is placed along the transect line as much as 10 transects of 100 m2. Made along the transect line plot size of 2 x 2 m2 are with made specific places chosen randomly (Method of Purposive Random Sampling). The fern are then identified by fern using Ferns of Malaysia in Colour (Piggot, 1988), Flora of Thailand, Pteridophyta (Iwatsuki and Iwatsuki, 1979, 1985, 1988, 1989), Key to The Families Of Ferns And Fern Allies in Australia (McCarthy, 1998) and Jenis Paku Indonesia (LIPI, 1980).

The study found 12 Familys which consist of 17 species. The highest importance value index (INP) is a type of Pteridium aqulinum L (160, 38%) while the lowest importance value index is the type of Selaginella intermedia (Bl.) Spring and Gleichenia linearis (Burm) with the same value (1.70%). The diversity index 1.68 to 0.32 indicates the dominance of ferns in TN.BTS is classified as moderate. Based on the Morisita Index analysis the distribution patterns of ferns in TN.BTS tend to cluster (clumped).

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Suheriyanto, Dwi and Romaidi, Romaidi
Keywords: Keanekaragaman; Distribusi; Tumbuhan Paku; Taman Nasional Bromo Tengger Semeru; Diversity; Distribution; Fern; Bromo Tengger Semeru of National Park
Subjects: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060207 Population Ecology
Departement: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi > Jurusan Biologi
Depositing User: Ratih Novitasari
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2015 07:38
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2015 07:38
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/949

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