Pengaruh pemberian campuran onggok dan molase terfermentasi terhadap koefisien cerna dan persentase karsas pada ayam pedaging

Miatin, Mike (2012) Pengaruh pemberian campuran onggok dan molase terfermentasi terhadap koefisien cerna dan persentase karsas pada ayam pedaging. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Intensifikasi usaha ternak ayam pedaging ditentukan oleh pemenuhan kebutuhan pakan, namun seringkali terkendala oleh mahalnya harga bahan pakan. Onggok dan molase yang masih memiliki nilai nutrisi tinggi diduga dapat digunakan sebagai pakan alternatif. Potensi onggok dan molase dalam ransum dapat diketahui dengan mengukur koefisien cerna serta hasil produksi berupa persentase karkas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian onggok dan molase terfermentasi (OMT) terhadap koefisien cerna dan persentase karkas ayam pedaging.

Penelitian ini bersifat eksperimental kuantitatif menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 5 ulangan. Perlakuan berupa pemberian OMT dalam ransum sebanyak 0% (P0); 5% (P1); 10% (P2) dan 15% (P3). Parameter pengamatan meliputi koefisien cerna bahan kering (BK), bahan organik (BO), protein kasar (PK), lemak kasar (LK), serat kasar (SK) dan persentase karkas. Koefisien cerna diperoleh dari penghitungan selisih kadar nutrisi dalam ransum dikurangi sisa dalam feses. Data persentase karkas dihitung dari bobot karkas dibagi bobot hidup. Untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh, data hasil penghitungan dianalisis menggunakan One Way ANOVA, apabila terdapat pengaruh nyata dilanjutkan dengan uji BNJ 5% sesuai nilai koefisien keragamannya.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian OMT berpengaruh nyata terhadap koefisien cerna BK, BO, PK, SK dan persentase karkas, tetapi tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap koefisien cerna LK. Koefisien cerna BK, BO, PK dan SK terbaik pada pemberian OMT 15% (P3), begitu pula persentase karkas terbaik pada pemberian OMT 15% (P3). Penggunaan OMT pada semua kadar tidak mempengaruhi koefisien cerna LK, karena LK terabsorbsi maksimal. Sehingga pemberian OMT 15% baik digunakan sebagai bahan pakan ransum agar dapat menekan biaya produksi peternakan.

ENGLISH:

Intensification of broiler is determined by meeting the needs of feed, but is often hampered by high prices of feed ingredients. Tapioca waste and molasses which still has a high nutritional value could be expected to be used as an alternative feed. Potential waste of tapioca and molasses in the ration can be determined by measuring the coefficient of digestibility and carcass yield a percentage. This research aims to determine effect of giving tapioca waste and fermented molasses (OMT) on digestibility coefficients and the percentage of broiler carcasses.

This research is quantitative experimental using Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. Treatment for the provision of OMT in the ration as much as 0% (P0), 5% (P1), 10% (P2) and 15% (P3). Observational parameters include the coefficient of dry matter digestibility (BK), organic matter (BO), crude protein (PK), crude fat (LK), crude fiber (SK) and the percentage of carcasses. Digestibility coefficients obtained from the calculation of the difference in levels of nutrients in the ration reduced the rest of the stool. Data calculated from the percentage of carcass weight divided by live weight carcass. To find out the influence, data were analyzed using a tally One Way ANOVA, if there is a real effect followed by a further BNJ test 5% according to the value of the coefficient of variability.

The results showed that administration of OMT significantly affect digestibility coefficients BK, BO, PK, SK, and the percentage of carcasses, but no significant effect on digestibility coefficient of LK. Digestibility coefficients of BK, BO, PK and SK the best in OMT provision of 15% (P3), and the percentage of carcasses in the provision of OMT Best 15% (P3). The use of OMT at all levels do not affect the digestibility coefficients LK, LK absorbed due to the maximum. Thus providing OMT 15% either used as feed material in order to reduce the cost of livestock productions.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Susilowati, Retno and Abidin, Munirul
Keywords: Ayam pedaging; Onggok dan Molase; Koefisien Cerna; Persentase Karkas ; Broiler; Tapioca Waste and Molasses; Digestibility Coefficients; Percentage of Carcass
Subjects: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060806 Animal Physiological Ecology
Departement: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi > Jurusan Biologi
Depositing User: Imam Rohmanu
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2015 06:59
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2015 06:59
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/889

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