Pemikiran universalisme Islam Nurcholish Madjid dan impliakasinya terhadap pendidikan multikultural

Arifa, Laily Nur (2014) Pemikiran universalisme Islam Nurcholish Madjid dan impliakasinya terhadap pendidikan multikultural. Masters thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

Indonesia has one of the world's cultural diversity. Indonesia's diversity like a double-edged knife. Besides as excellence, diversity leads to many conflicts. To prevent such conflicts occur, the necessary awareness of multicultural effective if implanted through education. Moreover, religion also has an important role in keeping the peace. Islamic religion has a concept of Islam Rahmatan li al-'âlamîn, the universal teachings of Islam which teaches followers to live peacefully side by side and keep the peace. Some Indonesian Islamic intellectuals spread the Islamic concept of universal with their own way. Among the leaders of the Indonesian Muslim scholars, universal Islam is most often expressed by Nurcholish Madjid. It can be concluded that in order to prevent conflicts, there are two approaches that can be used, ie, first, through insightful approach to multicultural education and secondly, through the approach of religion, especially Islam a universal sound. Therefore, the discourse of multicultural education in Islamic universalism frame for Indonesia's diverse nation it is very urgent to be addressed. The main characters look very forward view of multiculturalism and universalism of Islam, namely Nurcholish Madjid. This study will examine Nurcholish Madjid about thinking about the universalism of Islam then connect it with the principles of multicultural education so they will know that ideas Nurcholish Madjid Islamic universalism of the concept and implementation of multicultural education.This study uses kualititatif research approach to the type of library research or library research. Methods of data collection in this study is the method of documentation and analysis of the data in this study is a content analysis (content analysis).

This study resulted in the finding that the universalism of Islam in the Islamic view of Nurcholish Madjid is rahmatan lil 'alamiin, namely Islam as a religion for all mankind, irrespective of language, race, time and place. Universal Islamic religion also means that can be taken anywhere and everywhere, and have the ability to adapt to the cultural environment in which he grows and develops. Universal Islam is based on the meaning of 'Islam' means submission and surrender to God as a natural element and true humanity, unity and the prophetic teachings of the prophets to all people and nations. Islam is a universal form of Islamic culture that favor civilization bonds (bonds of civility), such as respect for the law, respect for tolerance, and pluralism, egalitarianism and defend human rights as part of universal human understanding, appreciation of the achievements not prestige, openness participation of the entire community, and so on. This study uses kualititatif research approach to the type of library research or library research. Methods of data collection in this study is the method of documentation and analysis of the data in this study is a content analysis (content analysis).This study resulted in the finding that the universalism of Islam in the Islamic view of Nurcholish Madjid is rahmatan lil 'alamiin, namely Islam as a religion for all mankind, irrespective of language, race, time and place. Universal Islamic religion also means that can be taken anywhere and everywhere, and have the ability to adapt to the cultural environment in which he grows and develops. Universal Islam is based on the meaning of 'Islam' means submission and surrender to God as a natural element and true humanity, unity and the prophetic teachings of the prophets to all people and nations. Islam is a universal form of Islamic culture that favor civilization bonds (bonds of civility), such as respect for the law, respect for tolerance, and pluralism, egalitarianism and defend human rights as part of universal human understanding, appreciation of the achievements not prestige, openness participation of the entire community, and so on.

Islamic universalism in view Nurcholish Madjid have the same 'spirit' with multicultural education. The same spirit is implied to the application of multicultural education as follows; (A) Award in diversity, manifested in; first, the diversity of languages, namely the use of regional languages, Indonesian, and foreign languages in the language of instruction in learning, everyday language in schools as well as the language of communication in education. Secondly, respect for the diversity of religions and beliefs, can be realized in praying together, exchange visits, activities, and cognitive approaches such as problem solving methods and case studies. Third, respect for ethnic diversity, can be realized through a narrative that multiethnic, analogy, and excursions. (B) Social Justice, embodied in education and justice and equal rights to education. It can be applied to the model of inclusive education for children with special needs, as well as the implementation of regular learning for school-age children living in detention centers and refugee camps. (C) Wisdom-Based Local Culture. The implication can be realized in various forms, first, in the form of the use of instructional media puppet show, angklung or ludruk. Second, in the curriculum, such as local content batik expertise, integration with subjects and extra-based local culture. (D) Investment attitude of 'Islam' as a basis for multicultural behavior. An important point which has apparently not yet been applied at planting multicultural attitude is consciousness 'Islam' (with 'i' minor) in individual behavior. attitude of 'Islam' which means Nurcholish means submission and surrender to God will bring the man no longer be the most righteous judge in the world, and appreciate diversity as a sunnatullah. Planting is also demanding resignation of man to uphold values of humanity, social justice and rejected the notion that he and his people are the most precious in the world. Planting attitude of 'Islam' is a powerful way of instilling the value of multicultural internal melelui individual. with planting attitude 'Islam', expected implementation of multicultural education will run more efficiently and on target.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Supervisor: Zainuddin, Zainuddin and Barizi, Ahmad
Keywords: Nurcholish Madjid; Universalisme Islam; Pendidikan Multikultural; Nurcholish Madjid; Islamic universalism; Multicultural Education
Departement: Sekolah Pascasarjana > Program Studi magister Pendidikan Agama Islam
Depositing User: Heni Kurnia Ningsih
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2017 15:01
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2017 15:01
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/7941

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