Model pembelajaran contextual teaching and learning (CTL) pada pembelajaran IPA: Studi multisitus di MI Negeri Druju Sumbermanjing Wetan dan SD Alam Generasi Rabbani Di Gondanglegi Kabupaten Malang

Astuti, Indah Kusuma (2015) Model pembelajaran contextual teaching and learning (CTL) pada pembelajaran IPA: Studi multisitus di MI Negeri Druju Sumbermanjing Wetan dan SD Alam Generasi Rabbani Di Gondanglegi Kabupaten Malang. Masters thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Model pembelajaran merupakan salah satu faktor yang berpengaruh dalam kegiatan belajar siswa. Untuk membantu siswa memahami konsep-konsep IPA maka diperlukan suatu model pembelajaran yang langsung mengaitkan materi pelajaran dengan pengalaman nyata siswa dalam kehidupan sehari-hari yaitu model pembelajaran Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL).
Dalam konteks CTL suatu proses berpengalaman secara langsung. Melalui proses berpengalaman itu diharapkan perkembangan siswa terjadi secara utuh, dalam aspek kognitif, afektif dan psikomotorik.

Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan perencanaan, pelaksanaan dan penilaian dalam model pembelajaran Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) pada Pembelajaran IPA di MI Negeri Druju Sumbermanjing Wetan dan SD Alam Generasi Rabbani di Gondanglegi Kabupaten Malang.

Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif fenomenologi, dan pengumpulan datanya dilakukan dengan metode observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi dengan informan penelitian adalah guru kelas IV, siswa kelas IV dan kepala sekolah/madrasah.

Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan beberapa temuan: (1) Perencanaan melalui penyusunan perangkat pembelajaran: (a) Di MI Negeri Druju, penyusunan silabus dan RPP disusun berdasarkan tujuh asas CTL dan (b) Di SD Alam Generasi Rabbani, penyusunan silabus dan RPP melalui kegiatan lesson to plan dan plan to lesson. (2) Pelaksanaan pembelajaran pada kedua situs penelitian: (a) proses pembelajaran IPA berdasarkan prinsip center student melalui tahapan pembelajaran konstruktivisme, inkuiri, bertanya, masyarakat belajar, pemodelan, refleksi dan penilaian autentik, (b) Faktor yang mempengaruhi pelaksanaan model pembelajaran CTL yaitu: faktor internal eksternal. (3) Penilaian pada kedua situs penelitian menggunakan: (a) penilaian autentik, (b) Di MI Negeri Druju meliputi penilaian proses dan penilaian hasil, dan (c) Di SD Alam Generasi Rabbani meliputi penilaian ranah afektif, penilaian ranah psikomotor dan penilaian ranah kognitif

Temuan penelitian ini diharapkan dapat dijadikan salah satu referensi untuk mengembangkan model pembelajaran CTL pada pembelajaran IPA di masa-masa yang akan datang. Dengan model pembelajaran yang direncanakan, diterapkan dan dilaksanakan secara baik, maka pencapaian tujuan pembelajaran dapat tercapai secara optimal.

ENGLISH:

The learning model is one of the factors that influence student learning activities. To help students understand the concepts of science, we need a learning model that directly link the subject matter with real experience of students in the daily life of the model of learning Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL). In the context of CTL learn learning is a process experienced directly. Through experienced process is expected student growth occurs as a whole, which is not only growing in the cognitive aspects, but also affective and psychomotor aspects.

The purpose of this study was to describe the planning, implementation and evaluation of the learning model Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) on Learning science in MI State Druju Sumbermanjing Wetan and SD Alam Generasi Rabbani Gondanglegi in Malang.

This study used a qualitative descriptive study of phenomenology, and data collection is done by observation, interviews and documentation, while the informant research is fourth grade teacher, fourth grade students and principals / madrasah.

The results showed several findings in the learning model Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) in science teaching: (1) Planning learning done through the preparation of learning tools: (a) In the MI State Druju, syllabus and lesson plans are prepared based on seven principles CTL namely: constructivism, inquiry, questioning, learning communities, modeling, reflection and authentic assessment, and (b) SD Alam Generasi Rabbani, syllabus and lesson plans with activities to plan and plan lesson to lesson. (2) Implementation of Learning at both sites of research: (a) the process of learning science based on the principle center student through the stages of learning constructivism, inquiry, questioning, learning communities, modeling, reflection and authentic assessment, (b) Factors affecting the implementation of the learning model CTL namely: internal factors and external factors. (3) Learning in both research site using: (a) an authentic assessment, (b) In the MI State Druju include assessment process and assessment of results, and (c) At SD Alam Generasi Rabbani includes assessing the affective domain, assessment psychomotor and the assessment of cognitive.

The findings of this study are expected to be used as a reference for developing learning models CTL on science learning in the days to come. With a teaching model planned, implemented and executed well, the achievement of learning objectives can be achieved optimally.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Supervisor: Badruddin, Badruddin and Walid, Muhammad
Keywords: Model Pembelajaran; CTL; IPA; Learning Model; CTL; IPA
Departement: Sekolah Pascasarjana > Program Studi Magister Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah
Depositing User: Imam Rohmanu
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2017 01:43
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2017 01:44
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/6083

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