Conversational implicature on the Chew talk show

Fauziyah, Nadya Alfi (2016) Conversational implicature on the Chew talk show. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Penelitian ini di fokuskan terhadap makna-makna implisit dari setiap percakapan dalam talk show The Chew menggunkan teori implikatur Grice dan Yule. Implikatur adalah komponen ujaran seorang penutur yang merupakan aspek makna dari penutur tanpa diujarkan langsung secara literal. Berdasarkan latar belakang penelitian, terdapat dua rumusan masalah sebagai berikut: (1) jenis implikatur apakah yang di temukan di dalam percakapan tal shw The Chew? Dan (2) fungsi implikatur apakah yang di temukan dalam percakapan talk show The Chew? Penelitian ini dilakukan menggunkan metode deskripif kualitatif berdasarkan teori implikatu r Grice. Data dari penelitian ini adalah dalam bentuk transkrip video talk show The Chew.

Data analisis membuktikan bahwa beberapa temuan telah menjawab rumusan masalah. Pertama, suatu ujaran disebut jenis generalized conversational implicature ketika penutur mengekspresikan sudatu ujaran yang tidak memerlukan suatu pengetahuan spesifik untuk diinterpretasikan karena ujara tersebut seringkali digunakan dalam percakapan sehari-hari sehingga sangat mudah di mengertioleh pendengar. Kedua, sebuah ujaran termasuk dalam jenis particularized conversational implicature apabila penutur mengekspresikan suatu ujaran dengan konteks yang spesifik sehingga pendengar membutuhkan pengetahuan tertentu untuk menginterpretasikannya.

Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti megungkapkan bahwa beberapa ujaran yang tergolong dalam jenis generalized conversational implicature seringkali digunakan oleh penutur karena ujaran dengan tipe terseebut tidak membutuhkan pengetahuan tertentu untuk di interpretasikan. Hal ini dibuktikan oleh banyaknya jumlah data dengan jenis tersebut. Sedangkan jenis kedua, yakni particularized conversational implicature hanya digunakan oleh penutur dengan pengethuan tertentu. Oleh karen itu, jenis ujaran ini sangat jarang ditemukan dalam percakapan talk show The Chew. Selanjutnya, masing-masing jenis implikatur mempunyai fungsi yang sama dan beberpa juga berbeda dikarenakan dalam percakapan tersebut memiliki konteks yang bervariasi.

Peneliti menyarakan kepada peneliti selanjutnya untuk melakukan analisis yang sama namun lebih mengembangkan dengan hal yang berbeda seperti, rumusan masalah, teori, dan objek permasalahannya, koran, percakapan yang di rekam secara langsung dalam kehidupan nyata, teks pidato bahkan stand-up comedy.

ENGLISH:

This research focuses on implied meaning in The Chew talk show using Grice and Yule theory of implicature. Implicature is a component of speaker meaning that constitutes an aspect of what is meant in a speaker’s utterance without being part of what is said. Based on the background of research, this research is conducted with the following problems: (1) what types of conversational implicature are identified in the conversation of The Chew talk show? And (2) what functions of conversational implicature are found in the conversation of The Chew talk show? This study is conducted using adescriptive qualitative method based on Grice theory of implicature. The data are in the form of transcribed video of The Chew talk show.

Data analysis revealed some findings covering the formulated research questions. Firstly, the utterance is a kind of generalized conversational implicature when the speaker produced an utterance which does not depend on particular features of the context. Since the utterances are clear, the hearer can interpret the meaning easily based on their general knowledge. Secondly, the utterance is kind of particularized conversational implicature when the speaker produced an utterance which depends on particular features of the context. The hearers are required to hear the explanation from the speaker in order to understand the meaning of the utterance.

In this research, the researcher argues that some utterances which containing generalized conversational implicature are often used by every person because it does not need any specific knowledge to be interpreted. It has been proved by the number of data found by the researcher. While the second types, particularized conversational implicature is used only by someone who has specific knowledge. Therefore, this type was rarely found in this research. Furthermore, each category has both different and same function because conversational implicature in the utterances depends on the text and context.

Finally, this research can give suggestion to the next researcher in improving the same research with some different things. For example in research problems, theory, and object of the research such as printed media (newspaper), recorded conversation in real life, speech, debate contest, stand-up comedy or even social media.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Rakhmawati, Deny Efita Nur
Keywords: Conversational implicature; generalized conversational implicature; particularized conversational implicature
Departement: Fakultas Humaniora > Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Imam Rohmanu
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2017 04:32
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2017 04:32
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/5573

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