Token ekonomi dalam merubah kebersihan diri di Panti Asuhan Assidiqqi Asy- Syuhadaa Blimbing Malang

Arfiansyah, Rizal (2016) Token ekonomi dalam merubah kebersihan diri di Panti Asuhan Assidiqqi Asy- Syuhadaa Blimbing Malang. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Panti asuhan adalah tempat dimana banyak anak berkumpul yang hanya di asuh oleh beberapa orang saja. Hal itu menyebabkan kurangnya control pada setiap individu di dalamnya. Hurlock mengatakan bahwa anak panti asuhan hanya dipandang sebagai makhluk biologis bukan sebagai makhluk psikologis dan sosial. Untuk itu anak-anak di pantiasuhan akan mendapatkan modifikasi prilaku dalam hal ini token ekonomi untuk meningkatkan tingkat kebersihan diri pada anak pantiasuhan.

Penelitian ini jenis penelitian eksperimen kuasi Nonequivalent Control Group Design. Pengambilan sample menggunakan teknik Nonprobability Sampling. Sedangkan jenis sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah purposive sampling, yang menyebutkan bahwa penentuan sampel dilakukan dengan pertimbangan tertentu.

Uji non parametric Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test paired antara pretest dan posttest kelompok eksperimen menghasilkan nilai significant (2-tailed) < 0,05 yaitu 0,042 yang berarti terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen. Berdasarkan nilai thitung 5,872 > dari nilai ttabel 2,069 menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan antara pretest dan posttest kelompok eksperimen. Hasil perhitungan uji t paired antara pretest dan posttest kelompok kontrol menghasilkan nilai significant (2-tailed) > 0,05 yaitu 0,071 yang berarti tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan. Berdasarkan nilai thitung 1,899 < dari nilai ttabel 2,069 menunjukkan bahwa tidak terjadi perbedaan antara hasil pretest dan posttest kelompok kontrol. Hasil uji non parametric Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test paired posttest kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol adalah ada perbedaan yang signifikan karena memiliki nilai significant (2-tailed) < 0,05 yaitu 0,042 yang berarti terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan. Berdasarkan nilai thitung 9,470 > dari nilai ttabel 2,069 menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan antara hasil posttest kelompok kontrol dan eksperimen, dimana kelompok eksperimen menghasilkan nilai posttest yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok kontrol.

Ada perbedaan tingkat kedisiplinan pada kelompok eksperimen sebelum dan sesudah diberikan token ekonomi dan terlihat perbedaan tingkat kebersihan diri pada kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol setelah diberikan perlakuan. Maka token ekonomi efektif digunakan untuk meningkatkan kedisiplinan anak pantiasuhan.

ENGLISH:

The orphanage is a place where many children congregate and in custody by a few people. It causes a lack of control on every individual. Hurlock said that the orphanage is only seen as biological beings rather than as a psychological and social being. Therefore, the children will get behavior modification in the orphanage; in this case the economic token is to improve the level of personal hygiene at the orphanage.

This research type was a quasi-experimental research of Non-equivalent Control Group Design. The samples used non-probability sampling technique. While the type of sample used purposive sampling, which stated that the sampling was done with a certain considerations.

Test of non-parametric of Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test paired between pretest and posttest experimental group generated significant value (two-tailed) <0.05 was 0.042, which meant there was significant difference between the control group and the experimental group. Based on t count, it was 5,872> 2.069 of t table that indicated that there was a difference between pretest and posttest experimental group. Paired t test calculation results between pretest and posttest control group generate significant value (two-tailed)> 0.05 was 0.071, which meant there was no significant difference. Based t count 1.899 <2.069 t table indicated that there was no difference between the pretest and posttest control group. The test results of non-parametric of Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test paired posttest. Experimental and control groups had significant difference because it had a significant (two-tailed) <0.05 was 0.042, which meant there was significant difference. Based on t count 9.470> 2.069 t table indicated that there was difference between the results of posttest control group and experiment, in which the experimental group posttest produced higher value than the control group.

There was difference in the level of discipline in the experimental group before and after the economic token was given and seen difference in the level of personal hygiene in the experimental and control groups after being given treatment. Then the economic token effectiveness was used to improve orphanage discipline

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Solichatun, Yulia
Keywords: modifikasi prilaku; token ekonomi; anak pantiasuhan; Behavior modification; economy token; Orphanages
Departement: Fakultas Psikologi
Depositing User: Imam Rohmanu
Date Deposited: 25 Dec 2016 13:29
Last Modified: 25 Dec 2016 13:29
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/5485

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