The Orphan’s treatments and its psychological effect on Jane Eyre portrayed in Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre: Islamic perspective

Mahmudah, Dwi Budiastuti (2008) The Orphan’s treatments and its psychological effect on Jane Eyre portrayed in Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre: Islamic perspective. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Allah gives many warnings in loving and treating orphan. Ignoring them means ignoring Islam, honoring them means respecting Islam. We are forbidden to be angry and persecute with orphan as long as our life. Orphan is a part of society. They are like the children in common who also require affection which children in common get. The thing that makes them different is their social status in society; children in common have good position because they have parents.

However, orphan look to be unlucky because they have no parents. This condition often influences the way they experience their life and the way they communicate to other people. Actually, their important need is not food or cloth, but affection, because they have lost their parents’ affection. Nowdays, many orphanages appear in every region. The orphanage is good institution, because it will teach orphan to experience their life ideally. However, orphanage sometimes takes profit from volunteer’s aid, the committee corrupt the orphan’s right. This case will influence orphan’s attitude in future.

This research is aimed at finding the treatments faced by Jane Eyre in the novel under Islamic perspective. In addition, this research explains the psychological effect of those treatments on Jane Eyre’s attitude.

In this study, the researcher applies psychological literary criticism approach to analyze the novel. The psychological literary criticism use three basic literary approaches; they are textual approach, receptive-pragmative approach, and expressive approach. This study, the researcher uses textual approach that analyzes psychological aspect of character in literary work. The approach is also to elaborate one of psychological theories, Abraham Maslow’s theory of personality. The data are taken from Jane Eyre written by Charlotte Bronte.

Based on the analysis, the researcher finds that Mrs. Reed, her children, and Mr. Brocklehurst treat Jane Eyre cruelly, so she is almost never fulfilled her psychological, safety, love and belonging, and esteem need as long as at Gateshead Hall and Lowood. Fortunately, Jane Eyre gets her human basic needs from Bessie, Mr, Lloyd, Miss Temple, Helen, Mrs. Fairfax, and Mr. Rochester. Her basic human needs has been fulfilled, then she efforts to actualize her ability by teaching at Tornfield Hall. Viewing the analysis in Islamic perspective, Mrs. Reed and Mr. Brocklehurst are stated as religion belieth because they oppress, torture, and treat Jane Eyre cruelly. On the other hand, Bessie and Mr. Lloyd’s attitude to Jane Eyre are compatible with Al-Qur’an and Hadist.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Masitoh, Siti
Keywords: Islamic Perspective; Orphan; Psychology; Hierarchy of Human Needs
Departement: Fakultas Humaniora > Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Dian Anesti
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2016 15:05
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2016 15:05

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