Kesejahteraan psikologis (psychological well-being) orang tua dengan anak ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive and Disorder) di Surabaya

Wahyuningtiyas, Tri Devi (2016) Kesejahteraan psikologis (psychological well-being) orang tua dengan anak ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive and Disorder) di Surabaya. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Psychological Well-Being atau kesejahteraan psikologis merupakan suatu keadaan dimana individu mampu menerima dirinya apa adanya, mampu membentuk hubungan yang hangat dengan orang lain, memiliki kemandirian terhadap tekanan dalam hidupnya, mampu mengontrol lingkungan, memiliki arti hidup serta mampu merealisasikan potensi dirinya secara kontinyu (Ryff 1989).

Anak-anak dengan ADHD akan sangat kesulitan mempertahankan perhatiannya pada suatu tugas tertentu. Kesulitan ini bukan disebabkan karena adanya rangsangan-rangsangan luar yang menganggu mempertahankan perhatiannya. Dalam hal ini orang tua dituntut untuk bisa memahami fisik serta psikis anak dengan ADHD, seperti yang dikemukakan Ryff, dengan memberi kasih sayang, penanaman sikap, rasa disiplin pemberian hadiah dan hukuman, pemberian teladan, penanaman sikap dan moral, perlakuan adil, pembuatan penganturan serta kecakapan mengatur anak. Namun dengan keadaan tersebut belum tentu dapat membentuk kesejahteraan psikologis yang sesuai dengan konsep yang telah dibangun oleh Ryff.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran dimensi-dimensi dan faktor apa saja yang menyebabkan psychological well-being orang tua dengan anak ADHD. Metode yang digunakan melalui pendekatan penelitian kualitatif dengan desain studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan (1) wawancara semi terstruktur, (2) observasi, dan (3) studi dokumentasi. Analisis data melalui 3 proses yaitu: (1) reduksi data, (2) penyajian data, dan (3) penarikan kesimpulan data verifikasi. Pengecekan keabsahan data melalui ketekunan atau keajegan pengamatan dan triangulasi sumber dan teori.

Temuan peneliti ini menunjukkan bahwa kedua orang tua sebagai orang tua dari anak ADHD mampu mencapai tahap penerimaan diri, memiliki hubungan positif dengan orang lain, mandiri, penguasaan terhadap lingkungan, memiliki tujuan hidup dan pertumbuhan pribadi sehingga orang tua memiliki harapan menuju psychological well-being untuk terus menuntun kemampuan anak dengan harapan bisa berkembang seperti teman sebayanya. Faktor yang mempengaruhi psychological well-being orang tua dengan anak ADHD yaitu kepribadian, religiusitas, dukungan sosial dan tingkat pendidikan dan pekerjaan. Disinilah orang tua akan berperan penting agar dapat mengambil sikap yang tepat pada keadaannya yang tidak berkenan dalam hidupnya.

ENGLISH:

Psychological Well-Being is a situation where people are able to accept who they are, able to establish warm relationship with others, are independent of the pressure in life, able to control the environment, have the meaning of life and able to realize his or her potential continuously (Ryff 1989).

Childrens with ADHD will be very difficult in maintaining their attention on a particular task. This difficulty is not due to external stimuli that disrupt the defending his attention. In this case the parents are required to understand the physical and psychological aspect of the child with ADHD, as proposed by Ryff, by giving love, planting attitude, sense of discipline reward and punishment, giving an example, planting attitudes and moral, fair treatment, manufacture regulation and skill of setting the children. However, by the circumstances above, it is not necessarily able to form the psychological well-being in accordance with the concept that has been built by Ryff.

This study aims to know the dimensions and what factors lead to psychological well-being of parents with children with ADHD. The methods used are by qualitative research approach with a case study design. Data collection techniques used are (1) semi-structured interviews, (2) observation, and (3) documentation study. The data analysis is through three processes: (1) data reduction, (2) data presentation, and (3) conclusion on verification data. Checking the validity of data through observation and perseverance or constancy of triangulation source and theory.

The findings of these researchers showed that both parents as the parents of children with ADHD were able to reach the stage of self-acceptance, have positive relationships with others, independent, master the environment, have a purpose in life and personal growth so that parents have expectations towards the psychological well-being to keep guiding the child's abilities in the hope of growing as their peers. The affecting factors of the psychological well-being of parents with children with ADHD are personality, religiosity, social support and level of education and employment. This is where parents will play an important role in order to take the right attitude on the circumstances that are not pleasing in the child’s life.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Mustofa, M. Lutfi
Keywords: Psychological well-being; ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive and Disorder)
Departement: Fakultas Psikologi
Depositing User: Kumala Inayati
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2016 09:43
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2016 09:43
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/3695

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