A study of argumentative elements used in Students’ essay writing

Faiqoh, Nurul (2015) A study of argumentative elements used in Students’ essay writing. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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This study aims to reveal the argumentative elements which are used by the students in their argumentative essay. In the argumentative context, there are six elements which should be fulfilled in order to construct a convincing argument; they are claim, data, warrant, backing, rebuttal, and qualifier.

Moreover, in this study the researcher uses descriptive qualitative as research design. In addition, the data analyzed are the students’ argumentative essay in writing III program and it classified as good essays. Afterwards, in order to obtain the proper and systematic data, the researcher becomes the main instrument. In here, the researcher adopts Toulmin’s theory to examine the argumentative elements used in students’ argumentative essay.

The results show that all of the six elements which have been proposed by Toulmin are used to build the argument. However, the students have their own way to construct their thought into an argument. Therefore, there are several essays do not apply all the argumentative elements. Nevertheless, all of the essays contain the base elements, those elements are claim, data and warrant. Another element namely backing, is also consistently involved in students’ essays in order to strengthen the data. Additionally, the two supporting elements rebuttal and qualifier are required when the students want to limit and anticipate the counter argument which potentially can weaken the writers’ argument.

It is important to have a deep understanding towards Toulmin’s theory of argumentation, since in determining each of element needs high consideration. Thus, for the next researchers who interest with this field are expected to develop the research by adding more previous study in order to make the research becomes more complete and perfect.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Rohmah, Galuh Nur
Keywords: Argumentative Elements; Toulmin’s Method; Students’ Writing
Departement: Fakultas Humaniora > Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris
Depositing User: Dian Anesti
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2016 06:26
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2016 06:26
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/3030

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