Peran positive deviance guru dalam meningkatkan self-esteem anak berkebutuhan khusus: Penelitian tindakan di SDN 4 Krebet Ds. Sidowayah, Kec. Jambon, Kab. Ponorogo

Husniati, Nely (2012) Peran positive deviance guru dalam meningkatkan self-esteem anak berkebutuhan khusus: Penelitian tindakan di SDN 4 Krebet Ds. Sidowayah, Kec. Jambon, Kab. Ponorogo. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Setiap anak yang dilahirkan pasti memiliki kelebihan dan kekurangan, begitupun Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus memiliki kelebihan dibalik kekurangannya. Oleh karena itu, Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus harus meningkatkan self-esteem pada dirinya agar mampu bersaing dengan anak-anak normal lainnya. Untuk meningkatkan self-esteem dibutuhkan dukungan dari guru, orang tua, serta lingkungan masyarakat selain dari kemauan diri sendiri. Positive deviance guru diharapkan bisa membantu anak berkebutuhan khusus untuk meningkatkan self- esteem pada dirinya agar ia bisa lebih menghargai diri sendiri. Adanya harapan penemuan perilaku positif dari guru bisa berpengaruh terhadap pengembangan harga diri Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Sidowayah merupakan salah satu wilayah di kabuapaten Ponorogo yang mendapat julukan kampung idiot, dan biasanya kosakata lokal yang menyebutnya “mendho”.

Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui bagaimana harga diri Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus yang masuk program inklusi, apa saja dimensi positive deviance pada guru yang dapat dikembangkan untuk meningkatkan self-esteem dan bagaimana perannya dalam mendukung peningkatan self esteem pada Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus, begitu pula bagaiamn perubahan self esteem sebelum dan setelah pre dan post test.

Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode action research (penelitian tindakan), yang berorientasi pada penerapan tindakan dengan tujuan pemecahan kelompok masalah pada suatu kelompok subyek yang diteliti dan mengamati tingkat keberhasilan dan akibat tindakannya untuk kemudian diberi tindakan lanjutan yang bersifat penyempurnaan tindakan atau penyesuaian dengan kondisi dan situasi sehingga diperoleh hasil yang lebih baik. Data dikumpulkan dengan cara wawancara, observasi, pemberian check list, dan pemberian angket.

Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa harga diri anak berkebutuhan khusus yang masuk program inklusi pada awalnya memang kurang maksimal disebutkan oleh wali kelasnya bahwa pada awal adanya kelas inklusi banyak anak yang merasa minder, tapi dengan pengembangan positive deviance dari guru dapat peningkatan self esteem pada anak berkebutuhan khusus maka didapatkan hasil bahwa harga diri Anak Berkebutuhan khusus mengalami sedikit perubahan ke arah yang lebih baik menurut keterangan wawancara dengan wali kelas. Ada beberapa aspek dalam self esteem yang pada saat post test menunjukkan penurunan seperti kekuatan yang pada awalnya 28 % menjadi 27 % dan keberartian yang awalnya 38 % menjadi 32 %, sedangkan aspek yang mengalami peningkatan yaitu kebajikan yang awalnya 15 % menjadi 19% dan kompetensi

ENGLISH:

Each child born must have advantages and disadvantages, as well as Children with Special Needs has advantages beyond its drawbacks. Therefore, the Children with Special Needs should enhance self-esteem on him in order to compete with other normal children. To improve self-esteem needed the support of teachers, parents, and community environments other than self volition. Positive Deviance teachers are expected to help children with special needs to enhance self-esteem on him so he could better appreciate him selves. The hope of the discovery of the positive behavior of teachers can affect the development of self-esteem Children with Special Needs. Sidowayah is one area in the Ponorogo district dubbed the idiot village, and usually called "mendho".

This Research aimed to find out how self-esteem that goes with Special Needs Children inclusion program, what are the positive dimension of Deviance on teachers that can be developed to enhance self-esteem and how their role in supporting improved self-esteem in Children with Special Needs, as well as change How is the self esteem before and after the pre and post test.

The research was carried out by the method of action research (action research), which is oriented to the implementation of measures with the aim of solving the problem on a group of subjects studied and the observed level of success and consequences for their actions then given a follow-up actions that are improvements or adjustments to the conditions and situations in order to obtain better results. Data were collected by interview, observation, providing a check list and questionnaire providing.

These results indicate that self-esteem of children with special needs who entered the program in the first inclusion is less than the maximum specified by the guardian class that at the beginning of class inclusion are many children who feel inferior, but the positive development of teachers Deviance can increase self- esteem in children with special needs then showed that self-esteem Children with special experience little change for the better according to interviews with homeroom teacher. There are several aspects of the self-esteem at post test showed a decline such as strength that was originally 28% to 27% and meaningful that initially 38% to 32%, while the aspect that has increased the virtues of the initial 15% to 19% and competence initially 19% to 21%. So the positive role of the teacher Deviance can improve self esteem Children with Special Needs, but it takes a long time because of changing one's behavior is not easy. Expectations of teachers are not only support increased self-esteem in Children with Special Needs, but from parents and community support also good.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Mahpur, Mohammad
Keywords: Positive Deviance Guru; Self Esteem; Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus; Kampung Idiot; Positive Deviance teachers; Self Esteem; Children with Special Needs; Idiot Village
Subjects: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology
Departement: Fakultas Psikologi
Location: 170103
Depositing User: Ratih Novitasari
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2015 03:07
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2015 03:07
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/2145

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