Tradisi jual beli ghasab hasil pertanian perspektif tokoh agama Islam dan Madzhab Syafi'i: Tinjauan kajian normatif di Desa Gumuk Kecamatan Licin Kabupaten Banyuwangi

Ismaya, Siti Maghfirotul (2015) Tradisi jual beli ghasab hasil pertanian perspektif tokoh agama Islam dan Madzhab Syafi'i: Tinjauan kajian normatif di Desa Gumuk Kecamatan Licin Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Jual beli memiliki ketentuan yang berbeda di setiap daerah yang menjadi kebiasaan warganya, salah satunya adalah jual beli ghasab. Jual beli ghasab adalah jual beli yang dilakukan pemasok dengan pemilik hasil pertanian yang sudah berlangganan, dimana pemasok langsung memanen hasil pertanian tanpa tanpa meminta izin pemiliknya, setelah memanen pemasok menjual hasil pertanian kemudian memberitahukan kepada pemilik untuk melakukan transaksi. Jual beli ini dilakukan karena menguntungkan aqidain. Dalam penelitian ini, terdapat dua rumusan masalah yaitu: 1) Bagaimana tradisi jual beli ghasab hasil pertanian di Desa Gumuk Kecamatan Licin Kabupaten Banyuwangi persfektif tokoh agama Islam ? 2) Bagaimana tradisi jual beli ghasab hasil pertanian di Desa Gumuk Kecamatan Licin Kabupaten Banyuwangi persfektif madzhab Syafi’i ? Penelitian ini bertujuan memberikan pemahaman eksplisit dan informasi mengenai praktek jual beli ghasab hasil pertanian kepada pembaca dan masyarakat Desa Gumuk, Kecamatan Licin, Kabuaten Banyuwangi.

Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian empiris dengan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Data yang dikumpulkan adalah data primer, sekunder dan tersier dengan metode pengumpulan data melalui wawancara, studi pustaka, dan dokumentasi. Adapun yang menjadi narasumber adalah tokoh agama Islam, dan para Aqidain (pemilik, dan pemasok). Menggunakan analisis deskriptif yang bertujuan mendeskripsikan tradisi jual beli ghasab hasil pertanian persfektif tokoh agama Islam dan madzhab Syafi’i di Desa Gumuk, Kecamatan Licin, Kabupaten Banyuwangi.

Berdasarkan hasil penelitian maka penulis deskripsikan : 1) jual beli ghasab menurut tokoh agama Islam termasuk ba’i fasid, karena mengandung unsur ghasab yaitu pemasok memanen hasil pertanian tanpa sepengetahuan pemiliknya dan baru memberitahukan setelah menjualnya. Hal ini juga mengarah pada gharar karena ketika akad ma’qud alaih tidak dapat dihadirkan. Dikhawatirkan pemasok melakukan kecurangan dengan tidak membayar sesuai buah yang dipanennya. Kebiasaan jual beli ghasab termasuk urf fasid yang dalam Islam tidak diperbolehkan pelaksanaanya. 2) Jual beli ghasab persfektif madzhab Syafi’i, sudah memenuhi rukun jual beli, memenuhi syarat aqidain dan shighat. Akan tetapi, tidak memenuhi syarat ma’qud alaih, dan mengandung unsur yang merusak (gharar dan ghasab), sehingga dikategorikan sebagai jual beli bathil. Jual beli ghasab sudah menjadi tradisi, karena dalam prakteknya bertentangan dengan syara’, maka dikategorikan sebagai urf fasid, yang menurut madzhab Syafi’i tidak diakui pelaksanaanya dalam Islam.

ENGLISH:

The sale and purchase regulation in every area is different since it depends on the society’s tradition or custom. One of them is ghasab sale and purchase. It is a sale and purchase executed by the supplier and the owner of agricultural product. As it has been agreed, the supplier directly harvest the agricultural yield without asking for the owner’s permission. After he/she sells the agricultural yield, the supplier inform the owner to do the transaction. The sale and purchase activity is conducted because it benefits the aqidain. The research has two research problems: 1) How is the sale and purchase tradition conducted at Gumuk Village, Licin District, Banyuwangi Regency based on the Islamic scholars’ perspective? 2) How is the tradition of the sale and purchase of agricultural product ghasab at Gumuk Village, Licin District, Banyuwangi Regency according to madhab of Imam al- Shaafa’i? The research is supposed to give explicit understanding and information on the ghasab sale and purchase transaction of agricultural product in Gumuk Village, Licin District, Banyuwangi Regency to the reader and society.

The types of research used in this study is empirical research using descriptive qualitative approach. The data consist of primary, secondary, and tertiary data. The data collection methods are interview, library research, and documentation. The informants are Islamic scholars and Aqidain (owner and supplier). This research employs descriptive analysis which aims to describe the ghasab sale and purchase tradition of agricultural products based on the perspective of Islamic scholars and madhab of Imam al-Shaafa’i at Gumuk Village, Licin District, Banyuwangi Regency.

Based on the results, the writer concludes that: 1) ghasab sale and purchase, according to Islamic religious leaders/scholar, is ba’i fasid since it contains the elements of ghasab. The supplier harvests the agricultural products without being known by the owner and only inform him/her after selling the product. It also leads to gharar because the ma'qud alaih does not present in the process of agreement. It is concerned that the supplier does a fraud by paying an inappropriate amount of money for the harvested agricultural product. The ghasab sale and purchase transaction is considered urf fasid which is prohibited in Islam. 2) ghasab sale and purchase transaction, according to the madhab of Imam al- Shaafa’i, already meets the requirement of aqidain and shighat. However, it does not meet the requirement of ma'qud alaih, and it contains negative elements, namely gharar and ghasab, thus it is categorized as bathil transaction. Ghasab transaction is urf fasid and according to the madhab of Imam al-Shaafa’i the implementation is not recognized in Islam.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Anam, Khoirul
Keywords: Tradisi; Jual Beli; Ghasab; Madzhab Syafi’i; Tradition; Sale and Purchase; Madhab of Imam al-Shaafa’i
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180127 Mu'amalah (Islamic Commercial & Contract Law) > 18012701 al-Bai’ (incl. al-Khiyar)
Departement: Fakultas Syariah > Jurusan Hukum Bisnis Syariah
Depositing User: Zulaikha Zulaikha
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2015 11:09
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2015 11:09
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/212

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