Donasi bank ASI (Air Susu Ibu) di RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya dalam perspektif hukum Islam

Iqromi, Maratul (2012) Donasi bank ASI (Air Susu Ibu) di RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya dalam perspektif hukum Islam. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Semua bayi yang baru lahir memiliki hak pribadi mereka yang harus dipenuhi oleh ibu mereka terutama untuk mendapatkan ASI yang cukup. Islam menganjurkan ibu untuk menyusui bayi mereka selama dua tahun. Menurut ulama fiqh klasik, di bawah dua tahun bayi memiliki hak untuk mendapatkan ASI karena ASI mempengaruhi pertumbuhan bayi psikologis. Dianjurkan dalam 233 ayat Quran di Al-Baqarah. Baru-baru ini, itu adalah masyarakat umum mengetahui bahwa ASI sangat importan untuk bayi. Namun, karena alasan tertentu, ibu tidak bisa memberi makan bayinya dengan ASI mereka sendiri. Oleh karena itu, gagasan bank ASI muncul untuk membuat lebih mudah bagi para ibu untuk mendapatkan ASI dan hak-hak bayi terpenuhi.

Fokus dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui prosedur bank ASI di DR. Soetomo rumah sakit lokal di Surabaya dan prosedur dirasakan dari perspektif hukum Islam.

Penelitian ini adalah penelitian dengan pendekatan kualitatif empiris. Data dikumpulkan melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Teknik triangulasi digunakan untuk memverifikasi data. Kemudian, data dianalisis dengan mengedit, mengklasifikasikan, memverifikasi, menganalisa dan menyimpulkan langkah- langkah.

Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa prosedur lulus melalui beberapa langkah, yaitu, pertama, para ibu yang ingin mendonorkan ASI mereka harus mengisi dalam bentuk hibah yang tersedia di rumah sakit. Kedua, mereka harus mendapatkan pemeriksaan kesehatan dan pemeriksaan mental. Para donatur dan mereka yang menerima donor membuat kontrak yang difasilitasi oleh rumah sakit dan itu gratis. Prosedur diperbolehkan dalam perspektif Islam di bawah beberapa persyaratan seperti kesepakatan antara kedua belah pihak (donatur dan penerima) dan donatur adalah kesehatan fisik maupun mental. Prosedur yang diterapkan di rumah sakit ini masih dalam jalur Islam dan mempertahankan persyaratan hukum Islam.

ENGLISH:

All newly born babies have their personal right that must be fulfilled by their mother particularly to gain sufficient breast milk. Islam recommends mother to breast-feed their babies for two years. according to classical ulama of fiqh, under two year babies have rights to gain breast milk because the breast milk influences the growth of the babies psychologically. It is recommended in the Quran verse 233 in Al-baqarah. recently, it is a public aware that breast milk is very importan for babies. however, for particular reasons, mothers cannot feed their babies by their own breast milk. Therefore, the idea of breast milk bank emerges to make easier for the mothers to get breast milk and the rights of the babies are fulfilled.

The focus of this research is to find out the procedure of breast milk bank at DR. Soetomo local Hospital in Surabaya and the procedure is perceived from Islamic law perspektive.

This research is empirical research with qualitative approach. Data are collected through observation, interview and documentation. Triangulation technique is used to verify data. Then, the data are analyzed by editing, classifying, verifying, analizing and concluding steps.

The result reveals that the procedure pass through some steps, namely, firstly, the mothers who want to donate their breast milk must fill in the form of donation which is available at the hospital. Secondly, they must get medical check up and mental check up. The donatur and those who receive the donor make a contract which is facilitated by the hospital and it is free. The procedure is allowed in Islamic perspective under some requirements such as the agreement between two sides (donator and receiver) and the donators are health physically as well as mentally. The procedure which is implemented at this hospital is still in Islamic track and maintaining the requirement of Islamic law.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Fadil, Fadil
Keywords: Donasi; Bank ASI; Donation; Breastmilk Bank
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180128 Islamic Family Law > 18012814 Radha'ah (Breast Feeding)
Departement: Fakultas Syariah > Jurusan al-Ahwal al-Syakhshiyyah
Location: 18012814
Depositing User: Chusnul Faida Ulfa
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2015 01:38
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2015 01:38
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/1676

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