Pengaruh pemberian tepung kaki ayam broiler sebagai subtitusi tepung ikan di dalam ransum terhadap konsumsi pakan, bobot badan dan konversi pakan ayam arab (Gallus turcicus)

Dewi, Yanti Mala (2011) Pengaruh pemberian tepung kaki ayam broiler sebagai subtitusi tepung ikan di dalam ransum terhadap konsumsi pakan, bobot badan dan konversi pakan ayam arab (Gallus turcicus). Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

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Abstract

INDONESIA:

Ayam arab (Gallus turcicus) termasuk ayam penghasil telur yang cukup tinggi. Produksi telur ayam arab mencapai 60% telur/tahun dibandingkan dengan ayam strain Hisex Brown yang memproduksi telur sebanyak 50% telur/tahun. Ayam arab (Gallus turcicus) membutuhkan pakan yang sesuai untuk pertumbuhan dan meningkatkan produksi telur. Tepung ikan merupakan sumber protein yang terbaik, mengingat kandungan asam amino esensialnya sangat menunjang pertumbuhan dan produksi, namun harganya masih mahal dan masih import, sehingga perlu adanya alternatif lain sebagai penggantinya. Tepung kaki ayam mengandung protein sebanyak 34, 56 % yang hampir setara dengan tepung ikan, dan metoinin sebanyak 1,88 g/100g. Penggunaan tepung kaki ayam broiler nantinya diharapkan dapat menggantikan tepung ikan dan berpengaruh terhadap konsumsi, bobot badan, dan konversi pakan ayam arab (Gallus turcicus).

Penelitian ini bersifat eksperimental dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 5 perlakuan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan yang digunakan adalah tepung kaki ayam broiler dengan konsentrasi 0%, 4%, 6%, 8%, dan 10%. Penelitian ini dilakukan di kandang percobaan yang berlokasi di Jalan di Jl. Kendal Sari Gg.V No. 43b RT/RW 5/10 Kec. Lowokwaru Malang. Apabila terdapat perbedaan yang nyata dilanjutkan dengan ANOVA tunggal. Apabila F hitung ≥ F tabel 0,05, maka dilanjutkan dengan uji Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT) 0,05.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tepung kaki ayam broiler yang dicampurkan di dalam pakan tidak berpengaruh terhadap konsumsi dan konversi pakan, tetapi ada kecendrungan menaikkan konsumsi pakan, sedangkan pemberian tepung kaki ayam broiler sebagai subtitusi tepung ikan di dalam ransum memberikan pengaruh terhadap pertambahan bobot badan ayam arab (Gallus turcicus). Bobot badan tertinggi terdapat pada P5 dengan nilai 40,25 gram yakni 120 gram bahan pakan mengandung 10% tepung kaki ayam broiler gr/ekor/hari.

ENGLISH:

Arabian chicken (Gallus turcicus) arabian chicken (gallus turcicus) is including the type of egg producing chickens which are qiute high. Arabian Chicken egg production is reached 60% egg/year compared with chicken strain Hisex Brownian egg production much as 50% egg/year. Arabian chicken needs nutrients in it’s feed for growth and egg production. Fish meal is the best source of protein, considering its essential amino acid content is very supportive for growth and egg production, but the price of the fish meal are expensive and still largely imported, so there is need for another alternative instead of fish meal. Broiler chicken feet meal contains protein as much as 34,56 % almost equal with fish flour, and methionine as much as 1,88 g/100g. The use of broiler chicken feet meal might be expected to affect consumption, weight, and feed conversion of arabian chicken (Gallus turcicus).

This research is an experimental by research using Completely Randomized Design (RAL) with 5 treatments 4 repetition. The treatments used were broiler chicken feet flour with concentration 0%, 4%, 6%, 8%, and 10%. The research was conducted in experimental hennery located at JL. Kendal Sari Gg. V No.43b 5/10 Lowokwaru, Malang. If there are significant it will be differences followed by a oneway ANOVA. If the calculated F count ≥ F table 0,05, it will be followed by Smallest Real Difference test (BNT) 0,05.

The research result showed that the flour of broiler chicken feet which is mixed in the feed had no effect on the consumption and feed conversion, but there can raise value consumption, while giving the feet flour broiler chickens as a substitute fish meal in rations influences weight gain of arabian chicken (Gallus turcicus). The highest weights found in P5 with a value of 40,25 grams of 120 grams namely feed ingredients contain of 10% of broiler chicken feet flour g/head/day.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Kiptiyah, Kiptiyah and Andriani, Amalia Fitri
Keywords: Ayam arab (Gallus turcicus); tepung kaki ayam broiler; konsumsi pakan; pertambahan bobot badan dan konversi pakan; Arabian chicken (Gallus turcicus); broiler chicken feet meal; feed consumption; weight and feed conversion.
Subjects: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060803 Animal Developmental and Reproductive Biology
Departement: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi > Jurusan Biologi
Depositing User: Annas Al-haq
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2015 00:52
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2015 00:52
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/1018

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