Pengaruh ranggas paksa (Forced molting) metode puasa dan suplementasi tepung bekicot (Achatina fulica) pada ransium terhadap bobot ovarium dan pertumbuhan folikel yolk ayam arab (Gallus turcius)

Hartanto, Hartanto (2010) Pengaruh ranggas paksa (Forced molting) metode puasa dan suplementasi tepung bekicot (Achatina fulica) pada ransium terhadap bobot ovarium dan pertumbuhan folikel yolk ayam arab (Gallus turcius). Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

[img]
Preview
Text (Thesis Fulltext)
065220052 Skripsi.pdf

Download (9MB) | Preview

Abstract

INDONESIA:

Ayam arab (Gallus turcicus) merupakan jenis ayam buras yang berpotensi memproduksi telur. Produksi telur ayam arab mencapai optimal pada umur 8 bulan dan mengalami penurunan pada umur 1,5-2 tahun saat memasuki periode molting. Periode molting berlangsung selama 3-4 bulan secara alami terjadi pada ayam petelur di akhir periode produksi. Ranggas paksa (forced molting) adalah salah satu metode yang ditempuh untuk mempercepat periode molting sehingga ayam lebih cepat bereproduksi. Pengaruh ranggas paksa menyebabkan bobot ayam turun 25-30% akibat regresi dari hati, ovarium, oviduk, jaringan adiposa dan jaringan otot. Sistem reproduksi membutuhkan perlakuan khusus untuk mempercepat proses regenerasi setelah perlakuan ranggas paksa, salah satunya adalah penambahan protein pada ransum. Tujuan dilakukan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh ranggas paksa (forced molting) metode puasa dan suplementasi tepung bekicot (Achatina fulica) pada ransum terhadap bobot ovarium dan pertumbuhan folikel yolk ayam arab (Gallus turcicus).

Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental yang menggunakan 36 ekor ayam arab betina berumur 1,5 tahun dengan bobot badan 1,2 ± 2 kg. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan model percobaan faktorial yang terdiri dari 2 faktor. Faktor pertama adalah perlakuan ranggas paksa metode puasa yaitu ayam tidak diberi pakan selama 0 jam, 72 jam dan 168 jam tetapi diberi minum secara ad libitum. Faktor kedua adalah suplementasi tepung bekicot pada ransum sebanyak 0%, 6%, 12% dan 18%. Bobot ovarium, jumlah folikel yolk berukuran besar, sedang dan kecil yang telah dihitung dianalisis menggunakan ANAVA tunggal dan ganda. Apabila hasil perhitungan berbeda nyata, maka dilakukan uji lanjut dengan BNT 0,05.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan ranggas paksa (forced molting) metode puasa dan suplementasi tepung bekicot (Achatina fulica) pada ransum tidak berpengaruh terhadap bobot ovarium dan pertumbuhan folikel yolk ayam arab (Gallus turcicus).

ENGLISH:

Arab chicken (Gallus turcicus) is a type of domestic poultry that have the potential to produce eggs. Arab chicken egg production reached the optimum at the age of 8 months and decreased at 1,5 to 2 years old when entering the molting period. Molting period lasts for 3-4 months naturally occurs in laying hens at the end of the period of production. Forced molting is one of the methods adopted to accelerate the molting period so that the chickens reproduce faster. Effect of forced molting the weight of chicken withered down 25-30% due to regression of liver, ovary, oviduct, adipose tissue and muscle tissue. Reproductive systems require special treatment to accelerate the process of regeneration after treatment forced molting, one of them is the addition of protein in ration. The purpose of this research is to investigate the influence forced molting by fasting method and supplementation of flour snail (Achatina fulica) in the ration on the ovary weight and follicle yolk growth arab chicken (Gallus turcicus).

This research is experimental research that uses 36 chickens arab females 1,5 years old with body weight 1.2 ± 2 kg. This study uses a completely randomized design (RAL) with factorial experimental model consisting of two factors. The first factor is the treatment of forced molting by fasting method is not chicken feed given during 0 hours, 72 hours and 168 hours but were given ad libitum drinking. The second factor is the snail on the rations of flour supplementation were 0%, 6%, 12% and 18%. Ovarian weight, total yolk follicles are large, medium and small that have been calculated for analyzed using the ANOVA single and double. If the calculation results differ significantly, then conducted further tests with BNT 0.05.

Results showed that treatment forced molting by fasting method and supplementation of flour snail (Achatina fulica) in the ration forced did not affect on the ovary weight and follicle yolk growth arab chicken (Gallus turcicus).

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Supervisor: Kiptiyah, Kiptiyah and Muchtaromah, Bayyinatul
Keywords: Ayam arab; ranggas paksa; tepung bekicot; ovarium; folikel yolk; Arab chicken; forced molting; flour snail; ovary; follicle yolk
Subjects: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060803 Animal Developmental and Reproductive Biology
Departement: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi > Jurusan Biologi
Depositing User: Imam Rohmanu
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2015 01:05
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2015 01:05
URI: http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/id/eprint/1005

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item